Directions:There are three reading passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four suggested answers marked A,B, C and D.Choose the best answer to each question.
Questions 53 to 57 are based on the following passage:(10分)
To the people of ancient Egypt,life on earth was short.Life after death,however,was eternal. Therefore they built their tombs of stone and they took their possessions with them into another world.
The more important the people,the greater the tomb.The Pharaohs were the rulers of the country and when they died they became gods.Many of their tombs remain,and some have become a wonder of the world.
These are the pyramids.
The purpose of these stone mountains was to protect the burial chamber form the weather and from thieves who might try to steal the gold,jewels and precious possessions placed there to accompany the dead ruler into eternal life.
Their shape,with four triangular sides spreading from a single point,represented the rays of the sun.their position on the west bank of the River Nile was where the sun set every day and where they believed it began its journey into the other world.All the burial grounds in ancient Egypt were on the west bank of the river.
53.Why did the people of ancient Egypt build their tombs of stone?
A.Because they thought life on the earth was short,but life after death was eternal.
B.Because they wanted to bring all their possessions into another world.
C.Because they wanted to protect their possessions into another world.
D.All of the above.
54.Where were these pyramids located?
A.Along the both banks of the Nile.
B.In another world.
C.Nera the place where they lived.
D.On the west bank of the River Nile.
55.Which of the following is NOT TRUE?
A.Only the important people can have the tombs of stone.
B.The Pharaohs became gods after their death.
C.Thieves might steal the precious things placed in the tombs.
D.Some pyramids have become a wonder of the world.
56.Whose Tombs were the largest and the most impressive of all?
A.The tribe leaders’tombs.
C.The tombs of those who built them.
57.In the last paragraph,the italicized“it”indicates
A.the sun B.the river Nile C.their position D.a single point
Questions 58 to 62 are based on the following passage:(10分)
U.S.jeans maker Levi Strauss&Co.denied it was playing on consumer fears by launching aline of trousers fitted with“anti-radiation(防辐射)”pockets for mobile phones.The trousers,with alining which the makers say shields(防护物)against radiation,are designed by Dockers,a brandname of Levi Strauss.“We are not implying in any way that mobile phones are dangerous.Ourintention is not to cash in on consumer fears but provide the consumers with what they want,”Levi’s Eruopean communications manager Cedric Jungpeter said.The design was the fruit ofextensive market research showing that the fashion conscious was also health conscious.Jungpetersaid.“Thedebate is open.Although no study has proved mobile phones are harmful,no study hasproved the contrary either.”He added.Worldwide studies into the possible dangers of mobilephones produce often conflicting conclusions.A recent one carried out by Australian researchersover a three-year period showed that radio emissions from mobile phones did not trigger the growthof tumors in mice,and thereofre probable did not do so in humans either.And another Australlianstudy concluded cellular phones could foster tumor growth.Swedish research published recentlyconcluded that long-term users of first generation mobile phones faced an up to 80 percent greaterrisk of developing brain tumors than non-users.But a Danish study last year of 400,000 mobilephone users showed no increased cancer risk.
58.The passage focuses on_________
A.the debate on mobile phone’s radiation
B.the trousers concerned with mobile phones
C.the researchers on mobile phones’dangers
D.the fruit of worldwide studies into mobile phones
59.Levi Strauss company brought out a line of trousers fitted with“anti-radiation”pockets with a view to______
A.Attracting possible consumers with new fashion
B.Improving their efficiency by taking advantage of consumer fears
C.Satisfying the consumers’needs for good health
D.Promoting sales with peculiar fashion and advertisement
60.Which of the following statement is NOT true?
A.Levi Strauss company bases its products on the extensive market research.
B.Levi Strauss’newly-designed trousers made the mobile phones’possible dangers known to the public.
C.Cedric Jungpeter’s statements aim to maintain Levi Strauss’image.
D.Dockers is one of the famous brands of Levi Strauss.
61.The author implies that___by declaring“The debate is open.”
A.everyone may be involved in the mobile phone debate
B.all studies into the possible dangers of mobile phones have not yet reached valuable conclusions
C.it’s still a controversy whether the mobile phones are harmful
D.consumption of mobile phones will be affected by the endless debate
62.We may infer from the passage that____
A.anti-radiation trousers will fuel mobile phone debate
B.long-term users of mobile phones face a greater cancer risk than non-users
C.radiation from mobile phones could foster tumor growth in mice
D.anti-radiation trousers are a fearful sign that mobile phones are dangerous
Questions 63 TO 67 are based on the following passage:(10分)
Television,the modern wonder of electronics,brings the world into your own home in sight and sound.And the word‘television’means seeing far.Television works in much the same way as radio.In radio,sound is changed into electromagnetic waves which are sent through the air.Experiments leading to modern television took place more than a hundred years ago.By the 1920s inventors and researchers had turned,the early theories into working models.Yet it took another thirty years for TV to become industry.
The influence of TV on the life of people is incalculable:it can influence their thoughts and their way of life.It can also add to their store of knowledge.Educational TV stations offer teaching in various subjects.Some hospitals use TV for medical students to get close-up views of operations. At first television programs were broadcast in black-and-white.With the development of science and technology,the problem of how to telecast them in full color was solved and by the middle 1960s the national networks were broadcasting most of their programs in color.
The programs that people watch are not only local and national ones.Since the launching of the first communications satellite,more and more programs are telecast“live”from all over the world. People in San Francisco were able to watch the 1964 Olympic Games in Tokyo.And live telecasts now come from outer space.In 1969,the first astronauts to land on the moon televised their historic “moon walk”to viewers on the earth.Since then,astronauts have regularly sent telecast to the earth.
63.The launching of communications satellites made it possible fro people in San Francisco to ______.
A.get close-up views of operations
C.watch the 1964 Olympic Games in Tokyo
D.watch national programs
64.The development of science and technology made it possible for television programs to_____.
A.be telecast in full color
B.be telecast in San Francisco
C.be telecast in Tokyo
D.be telecast in black-and-white
A.easy to tell B.very great C.difficult to tell D.very small
66.Television is said to be the modern wonder of electronics,because________.
A.it influences people’s way of life
B.it makes people see far
C.it brings the world into people’s own home in sight and sound
D.it works as radio
67.The television became an industry in________.
A.1950 B.the 1960s C.the 1920s D.the 1950s.