Part I Dialogue Communication(10 minutes, 10 points,! for each)
Section A Dialogue Completion
Directions: In this section , you will read 5 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers , each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by marking the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
1. A: Helen isn't here yet. Did you forget to invite her? B: _____
A. She wasn't invited at all.
B. She was going to come, but then changed her mind.
C. She forgot to come.
D. I don't remember inviting her.
2. A; John, you didn't show up at my birthday party last night. B: _____
A. I'm sorry,Jane,but I already sent you a present. B. I'm sorry,Jane,but I don't like to be shown. C. I'm sorry,Jane,but there was a serious accident on the way. D. I'm sorry,Jane,but I don't like shows.
3. A; You seem to have a lot of work at your office. You've always been staying late and work¬ing overtime.
A. What you say is right. But don't you know the meaning of work?
B. Yes. That's true. But don't you know the common saying: "Always work and no play makes Jack a dull boy?"
C. That's true,but it's no bother to me. The work is interesting and fun. I don't mind the extra hours at all.
D. Sorry. I cannot listen to your advice. Overwork can bring me overpay,you know.
4. A; I can't read with only that little lamp on. B: ______
A. You shouldn't have read here.
B. You should have turned that lamp on.
C. What you need is an extra lamp.
D. What this room needs is better lighting.
5. A: How did you do with your essay for Professor Smith Scott?
A. Everything is OK. But I failed to finish it.
B. Professor Smith Scott didn't work successfully enough to let me believe in him.
C. Nonsense. It's not your business.
D. Not too bad, it took me almost 10 hours.
Section B Dialogue Comprehension
Directions; In this section, you will read 5 short conversations between a man and a woman . At the end of each conversation there is a question followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer to the question from the 4 choices given by marking the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
6. Man; Hello? I'd like two seats for this evening's show.
Woman; Sorry, but the performance is already sold out. Would you be interested in some¬
thing later this week?
Question; What does the woman imply?
A. Tickets are available for future performances.
B. The performance has been canceled.
C. She wants to see the show tomorrow.
D. The performance has already started.
7. Man; I didn't realize you could hear it.
Question; What will the man probably do?
A. Turn up the stereo.
B. Start talking more quietly.
C. Listen to the stereo at a lower volume.
D. Change the channel.
8. Woman; Are you sure you cleaned your car thoroughly? You want to impress the boss.
Man; I'd better double check to be sure.
Question; What will the man probably do next?
A. Have the boss drive another car.
B. Ask the woman to help him clean the car.
C. Check the car to see if it runs well.
D. Make sure that his car is clean.
9. Man; Mary,did you drop off the roll of film for developing?
Woman; No,I got Susan to do it. t ooy terfW 0
Question: What happened to the roll of film? A. It fell out of the camera. B. Mary developed it in photography class.
C. Susan took it to be developed.
D. The man gave it to Susan.
10. Man: Why is it that, whenever I open my mailbox,! pull out letters addressed to the
previous tenants of this apartment?
Woman: Tell the manager and ask him to forward the letters.
Question: What does the woman suggest?
A. Mail the letters to the manager.
B. Have the manager take care of the problem.
C. Forward the letters to her apartment.
D. Talk with the previous tenants.
Part II Vocabulary(20 minutes, 10 points,0.5 for each)
Directions; In this section, there are 10 sentences, each with one word or phrase under¬
lined . Choose the one from the 4 choices marked A, B, C and D that best keeps the meaning
of the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square
brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
11. The last mayor was assassinated when he was fifty years old.
A. honored B. murdered C. elected D. impeached
12. Formulated in 1823,the Monroe Doctrine asserted that the Americas were no longer open to
A. emphatically stated B. belligerently argued C. accentuated D. entreated
13. Meteorologists are at odds over the workings of tornadoes.
A. mystified B. in disagreement
C. up in arms D. in disarray
14. I would like your authorization to trim the part of the tree that hangs into my yard.
A. sanction B. encouragement C. approval D. attention
15. The other members of the Cabinet made fun of the Secretary of Interior when he purchased
Alaska because,at the time,it was not considered valuable.
A. admired B. envied C. teased D. despised
16. Gardening is the cultivation of plants,usually in or near the home,as a hobby,
A. germination B. growing C. classification D. sowing
17. Dating from around A. D. 1000,the largest mound surviving from the Mississippian culture
was one hundred feet high and had a base of nearly fifteen acres.
A. civilization B. formation C. sect D. edifice
18. In ancient times the custom of shaking hands served to transfer power or authority.
A. practice B. folklore C. culture D. doctrine
19. American children customarily go trick-or-treating on Halloween.
A. gaily B. traditionally C. readily D. inevitably
20. One of the most damaging plant parasites is the stem eelworm.
A. harmful B. elegant C. dangerous D. prevalent
Directions: In this section , there are 10 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine scoring ANS WER SHEET.
21. Whether a gun is a weapon of offence or a weapon of _____ depends on which end of it you
A. defense B. attack C. assault D. defeat
22. A severe flood struck the city and there was a _____ shortage of food.
A. frequent B. consequent C. consecutive D. consequential
23. Some criminal slang is so highly developed that pickpockets, for example, can _____ a
conversation in front of a victim without the person's realizing that they are discussing.
A. carry on B. carry away C. carry out D. carry off
24. We were _____ for an hour in the traffic and so we arrived late.
A. kept off B. held up C. put back D. broken down
25. Every month,Mrs. Smith_________all her bills before she pays them.
A. adds into B. adds to C. adds up to D. adds up
26. She should _____ those present at the meeting to arrive at a clear-cut decision.
A. count up B. count against C. count on D. count out
27. The Americans _____ George Washington as the father of their country.
A. look up to B. think up C. regard D. look forward to
28. He can't run a hundred yards,__________ a mile.
A. less than B. still less C. no less D. less even
29. _____ your work in case you've made any mistakes.
A. Take care of B. Ensure C. Look out for D. Check
30. ______,the house was a good buy.
A. All things to be considered B. All things considering
C. Considering all things D. All things considered
Part III Reading Comprehension(45 minutes,30 points,! for each)
Directions: There are 5 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine scoring ANSWER SHEET.
It's a classic mystery of the deep. Why does the hammerhead shark (M. H It) have the bizarrely shaped head from which it gets its name?
There have been a variety of suggested explanations. Some simply say that the sharks use their heads to"hammer"and pin down their favourite food. More plausibly,others have specula¬ted that the wide lobes(EIJI^^tB p$4)~) of the hammerhead allow it to have longer electrorecep-tors,the organs that all sharks use to detect the electric fields produced by nearby prey. This might allow hammerheads to sense subtler electric fields from more distant prey than their nar¬row-headed cousins.
Now it turns out that the shark's head does indeed help it find and capture prey, but not in the way that zoologists expected. Stephen Kajlura and Kim Holland of the University of Hawaii at Manoa set out to test the conventional theory by tricking young sharks into chasing phantom (it Hi W) prey. Using a system of wires on the bottom of a shallow pool, they set up electric fields that mimicked those created by the bottom-dwelling shrimp and fish that form the sharks' usual diet. Sure enough,hungry sharks abruptly turned towards an electric field when they detected it. But when the researchers measured the distance at which this happened they found it was the same for 13 young hammerheads as it was for 12 young sandbar sharks (?£ ^| H), which have normal-shaped heads.
The two types of sharks proved equally adept at sensing the electric fields: each was able to detect the source from up to 30 centimetres away. That ruled out any improved sensitivity from the wider head. However,the hammerheads enjoy another more prosaicC^pf^^^f ($)advantage: their wider heads let them sweep more than twice as wide a swathe of the seafloor as they swim, which must boost their chance of encountering food.
The researchers also found that hammerheads could turn more sharply when they detected the phantom prey. "They're a much more bendy shark,"says Kajlura,who is now at the Univer¬sity of California at Irvine. In part,that's because they have more slender bodies than the sand¬ bar sharks. However,Kajiura has other unpublished data that suggests that the hammerheads' broad heads can act as fins to improve manoeuvrability($flzSli£). - .
So far, the researchers have only experimented with young sharks, so adult hammerheads may gain some other advantage from their head shape.
31. The passage is mainly about_____..
A. the different species of sharks
B. the differences between hammerhead and sandbar sharks
C. how hammerhead sharks detect their prey
D. special functions of the hammerhead sharks
32. Which of the following is a feature that the hammerhead shark shares with other sharks?
A. They have slender bodies.
B. They have wide lobes.
C. They use electroreceptors to detect prey.
D. They sense electric fields from far away.
33. What did Stephen Kajlura and Kirn Holland initially want to prove by the experiment? A. hammerheads have slender bodies than sandbar sharks.
B. hammerheads could sense subtler electric fields than sandbar sharks.
C. hammerheads could sweep more food than sandbar sharks.
D. adult hammerheads may have more advantages than young hammerheads.
34. The experiment conducted by Stephen Kajlura and Kim Holland proves that ______.
A. the conventional theory is wrong
B. phantom prey are as attractive as real ones
C. hammerhead sharks can find more distant prey
D. the wider head of the hammerhead shark provides more sensitivity
35. The conclusion made by Stephen Kajlura and Kim Holland is that hammerhead sharks
A. use their heads to pin down their favorite food B. have more and longer electroreceptors C. have more chances to encounter food D. swim much faster than other sharks
36. One of the reasons why hammerhead sharks can turn more swiftly than sandbar sharks is that they have _____.
A. big heads B. slender bodies
C. wide lobes D. big fins
Ethiopians appear to have evolved a unique way of coping with thin mountain air. But how they do it remains a mystery.
One way for the body to get enough oxygen to its tissues when breathing oxygen-poor air is for it to make more red blood cells. This increases the amount of hemoglobin (StSL &LS & )> the protein that carries oxygen. Although less haemoglobin in the arteries is saturated with oxygen at high altitudes, having more of it makes up for the shortfall.
People native to the high Andes are known to have more red blood cells than lowlanders, and athletes who train at altitude can increase their concentration of cells.
But while many Tibetans also live at high altitudes, they do not have significantly elevated levels of haemoglobin. Instead they seem to boost the amount of nitric oxide, which dilates (ft0IK) blood vessels and increases blood flow.
Now Cynthia Beall, an anthropologist from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, has found a third kind of adaptation. When she tested the blood of 236 people in the Ambaras region in the Semien Mountains of Ethiopia, she found that 95 percent of the haemoglobin in their arteries is saturated with oxygen, almost as much as that of people living at low altitudes and roughly 5 per cent above that of residents in the Andes or Tibet.
"That shouldn't be, "says Beall. They must have a massively efficient way to get oxygen from the lungs to the blood, she says. But just what remains mysterious. They do not have higher concentrations of haemoglobin than anyone else, nor do they have a different kind of haemoglobin. Beall adds that this ability might be found in all people living in that part of the world, and not just those in the study. It might be why so many world-class endurance athletes are Ethiopian. "The next study needs to look at that," she says.
37. From the passage we learn that haemoglobin is a kind of _____.
A. oxygen B. blood cell
C. protein D; artery.
38. Why do athletes often go to high altitudes to train?
A. Because they want to increase the amount of haemoglobin in their bodies.
B. Because it may help reduce the amount of red blood cells in their bodies.
C. Because they intend to learn more from the mountain dwellers.
D. Because it can help them to adapt themselves to the high altitude.
39. From the passage we can infer that the faster our blood flows,
A. the stronger we become
B. the weaker we become
C. the less nitric oxide we have
D. the lower levels of haemoglobin we have
40. According to Cynthia Beall, the haemoglobin in the arteries of the Ethiopians
A. is saturated with more oxygen than lowlanders
B. is saturated with as much oxygen as the Tibetans
C. is more efficient than residents in the Andes and Tibet
D. runs faster than people in any other region of the world
41. Cynthia Beall is going to do more research on _____.
A. why Ethiopians have more haemoglobin
B. why so many world-class endurance athletes are Ethiopians
C. whether the Ethiopians have different kind of haemoglobin
D. whether the Ethiopians have higher concentration of haemoglobin
42. The best title of this passage can be:_____.
A. Ethiopians and Hemoglobin
B. Ethiopians and the World-class Athletes
C. An Anthropological Study on Ethiopians
D. A Myth: Hemoglobin and the World-class Athletes among the Ethiopians
Entrepreneurs are everybody's darlings these days. They may be small, but they are innova¬tive. And innovation, we are assured, is the main engine of economic growth.
For policymakers every where, the task is to get the little critters to nest and breed. Give them the conditions they like—plenty of venture capital, tax breaks and a risk-taking culture—and the sun will shine on all of us, just like in California.
Along comes Amar Bhide to tell us most of this is plain wrong. Entrepreneurs, he asserts, are not risk-takers at all. Nor do most of them innovate,or depend on venture capital.
His findings are striking enough. Start with his assertion that entrepreneurs are not innovators or risk-takers. The vast majority of new businesses, he points out, start small and stay that way. These are the hairdressing salons, corner shops and landscape gardeners. Those are mature, predictable industries. For just that reason, they are the least profitable.
The success stories come in areas of high uncertainty: where markets are changing fast because of technology, regulation or fashion. A very large proportion, unsurprisingly, are in computing.
But Mr. Bhide insists they are rarely innovative. The people who start high-growth businesses take a humdrum idea, usually from someone else, then change it constantly to fit the market. The starting point is much less important than what happens next.
Nor are they risk-takers. These are typically young people, with no money, expertise or status. They have nothing to lose. Risk arrives later on, when they have made their pile and must decide whether to invest in long-term growth or sell out.
This is one reason why so few promising start-ups become a Dell or Microsoft. Taking planned, calculated risks is the job of big, established companies, Mr. Bhide argues. True entrepreneurs rarely have the temperament for it.
What they have, instead, is a high tolerance for ambiguity—defined as knowledge that you know you do not have. Few of Mr. Bhide's interviewees began with any kind of business plan. That would have been a waste of time: the future was simply too uncertain. Therein lay their opportunity.
Big companies may be happy with risk, but they cannot stand ambiguity. They can invest billions in a chip plant or oil field, but only when they know the odds. When the odds are unknown, entrepreneurs have the game to themselves.
those objectives all too perfectly. After the attacks, people stopped flying. Why? Not because they had made a rational risk assessment but because the mere thought of flying made their palms sweat.
From terrorism to rail crashes,counseling and"debriefing"are the standard response to help those caught up in disasters. But there are growing doubts about their effectiveness. What might be going wrong? Debriefing focuses on getting people to talk through the trauma (®J $j) and its emotional consequences soon after the incident. Could it be that some people are better by distancing themselves from what happened,rather than retelling it?
49. Disaster psychology refers to the study of how to _____. A. avoid human-created disasters B. cope with human reactions to disasters C. reduce the worst natural disasters D. prevent growing terrorism
50. The passage tells us that disaster psychology is_____. A. a highly controversial area B. a well-established science C. not associated with terrorism D. not a part of scientific study
51. According to Dennis Embry,how do terrorists reach their goals? A. By overlooking the most obvious of everyday life. B. By setting up new symbols for a nation's daily life. C. By turning symbols of everyday life into fear and anxiety stimulant. D. Through hijacking big planes from the most famous international airlines.
52. Why do people usually stop flying after terrorist attacks? A. Because they are terrified of flying. B. Because they believe in rational risk assessment. C. Because their palms will become too sweaty for them to fly. D. Because they can't decide which airline will be the safest.
53. Counseling and debriefing may not be effective methods because _____. A. there is fierce controversy in this area B. many research have proved this C. some people may hide their true feelings D. some people may feel better to forget the disaster
54. The word"debriefing"(Line l,Para 4)may probably mean EXCEPT_____.
A. making a report after the disaster
B. questioning about details in the process of disaster
C. saving people from keeping remembering the horrible things
D. retelling what happened in the incident
Architects are hopeless when it comes to deciding whether the public will view their designs
as marvels or monstrosities,according to a study by Canadian psychologists. They say designers
should go back to school to learn about ordinary people's tastes. ,
Many buildings that appeal to architects get the thumbs down from the public. Robert Gifford of the University of Victoria in British Columbia decided to find out whether architects understand public preferences and simply disagree with them, or fail to understand the lay person's view.
With his colleague Graham Brown,he asked 25 experienced architects to look at photos of 42 large buildings in the US, Canada, Europe and Hong Kong. The architects predicted how the public would rate the buildings on a scale of 1 to 10,where 1 represented"terrible"and 10"excellent". A further 27 people who were not architects also scored the buildings out of 10. In addition,eight architects gave their own personal ratings of the buildings.
The three groups tended to agree among themselves on a building's merits. And architects correctly predicted that lay people would on average rate buildings higher than they did them-selves. But for individual buildings, the architects' perceptions of what the lay people would think were often way off the mark. "Some architects are quite good at predicting lay preferences, but others are not only poor at it,they get it backwards,"says Gifford.
For instance,architects gave the Stockley Park Building B-3 offices in London a moderate rat¬ing of 5. 2. They thought the public would like it much better,predicting a rating of 6. 3. But the public actually disliked the off ices, and gave it 4. 7. Gifford thinks that lay people respond to specific features of buildings,such as durability and originality,and hopes to pin down what they are.
"Architects in architecture school need to be taught how lay people think about buildings," Gifford concludes. He doesn't think designers should pander to the lowest common denominator, but suggests they should aspire towards buildings that appeal to the public and architects alike, such as the Bank of China building in Hong Kong.
Marco Goldschmeid of the Richard Rogers Partnership, designers of the Millennium Dome in London,thinks the study is flawed. "The authors have assumed, wrongly, that buildings can be meaningfully judged from photographs rather than actual visits,"he says. Goldschmeid thinks it would be more significant and interesting to look at the divergence of public taste between generations.
55. What does the first paragraph of this passage imply?
A. Architects have a dark future in designing marvelous buildings.
B. Architects don't care about how ordinary people view their designs.
C. It is very difficult for architects to please the general public.
D. Architects don't know much about the public tastes for buildings.
56. What does"lay person"in Line 3,Paragraph 2 possibly mean?
A. lazy person B. common person C. officer D. construction worker
57. Through his study,Robert Gifford found that_____.
A. the three groups had similar responses to the photos of 42 large buildings
B. the architects generally rated buildings lower than lay people
C. the architects predicted precisely the preferences of lay people
D. no architect could predict the public tastes towards buildings accurately
58. From the passage we can learn that the Bank of China building in Hong Kong _____. A. panders to the lowest common denominator
B. gets a low rate from the architects
C. appeals to the public as well as the architects
D. gives the architects a lot of aspiration
59. Marco Goldschmeid thinks that Gifford's study is flawed because _____.
A. it uses photos instead of actual visits
B. it ignores the public tastes between generations
C. it lacks the necessary significance and interests
D. it doesn't take into account the differences within the public
60. What does the passage mainly deal with?
A. How to design attractive buildings.
B. Architects need to understand public tastes.
C. How lay people view buildings.
D. Different tastes between architects and the public.
Part IV Cloze(15 minutes, 15 points,! for each)
Directions; The following are a list of 15 words and phrases and a passage with 15 blanks. Read the passage carefully and choose one word or phrase from the list for each of the blanks in the passage. Change the form of the words and phrases if necessary. Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.
Not too long ago,a guest checking out of our Polynesian Village resort at Walt Disney World was asked how she enjoyed her visit. She 61 the front-desk clerk she had had a wonderful vaca¬tion, but was heartbroken about losing several rolls of Kodacolor film she had not yet 62 She was particularly upset over the loss of the 63 she had shot at our Polynesian Luau,as this was a memory she especially treasured.
Now, please 64 that we have no written service standards covering lost luau snap¬shots. 65 ,the hostess at the front desk understood Disney's philosophy of caring for our guests. She asked the 66 to leave her a couple of rolls of fresh 67 promising she would take care of the 68
Two weeks 69 ,this guest received a package at her home. In 70 were photos of the entire cast of our luau show, personally autographed by each performer. There were also 71 of the parade and fireworks in the theme park, 72 by the front-desk 73 on her own time, after work. I happen to 74 this story because this guest wrote us a letter. She said that never in her life had she received such compassionate 75 from any business establishment. Heroic service does not come from policy manuals. It comes from people who care — and from a culture that encourages and models that attitude.
Part I Translation (30 minutes, 20 points, 10 for each section)
Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.
1. At Cambridge, Hawking embarked on a life of grasping with the basic laws of the universe, making ground breaking discoveries on black holes and trying to determine the origin of the universe.
2. But finding ways of exploiting the value of research , products or brands is one thing. Preven¬ting competitors from muscling in on the act is another.
3. People thought if they knew beforehand what the Tomorrow carried they could prepare for it.
4. After years of working hard, or catering to the needs of husbands, children, and parents, rein¬venting ourselves has become our passion, our gift to ourselves.
5. "Doing well is part productivity and part publicity, "says Marilyn Moats Kennedy, a managing partner at Career Strategies. Let people know when you accomplish something or when you put in the extra effort to get a project done.
Directions: Translate the following passage into English. Write your translation on the
Part II Writing(30 minutes, 15 points)
Directions; In this part, you are to write within 30 minutes a composition of no less than 150 words about My Hope for What China Will be like in 2050. You should write according to the outline below. Please remember to write it clearly on the COMPOSITION SHEET.
Outline; A. My general vision on what China will be like in 2050;
B. Changes to be expected in different aspects in 2050;
C. The social value and well being to be brought about by the changes.