2013年同等学力英语考试样卷及答案解析

日期: 2013-05-23 来源: 本站 阅读:
   

  2013年同等学力英语考试还有两天时间,中国人民大学在职研究生招生信息网小编为在职人士整理了一份2013年同等学力英语考试样卷,让在职人士提前熟悉同等学力英语考试情境,希望对同等学力英语考生有所帮助。

  Part I Oral Communication (15 minutes,10 points)

  Section A

  Directions:In this section there are two incomplete dialogues and each dialogue has three blanks and three choices A,B and C,taken from the dialogue.Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Dialogue One

  A.when it comes to the exam

  B.you need to go over it yourself

  C.then I can go through it again next time

  Student:I mean I want to do some of these problems.

  Teacher:Yeah.

  Student:But it’s taking time to do them.

  Teacher:When we cover something in the lesson,(1) .Work out the exercises in it.Erm,when you get a little bit stuck,sort it out yourself,and then think.

  Student:Yeah.

  Teacher:I know I see how you do it.And maybe if you’re totally stuck,(2) .

  Student:Yeah.

  Teacher:It’s really the more you do,Mm,on your own.Because(3) ,you’re gonna be on your own.Keep working on it and you’ll be okay.

  Dialogue Two

  A.It’s been paining me all night.

  B.Let’s have a look and see what they’ve done to you.

  C.Do I take these Sofradex is they’re prescribed here,Doctor?

  Doctor:Well,what can we do for you today?

  Patient:Oh,I’ve an infection in my gum,Doctor.

  Doctor:In your gum?

  Patient:Up here.I’ve some tablets and,er,I don’t know.

  Doctor:(4) Aye,the Sofradex is not doing very much for that,is it?

  Patient:I’ve never taken them.I’ve just,I stopped taking them.

  Doctor:Aye,I don’t think they’re doing very much to you.

  Patient:(5) Doctor.

  Doctor:Aye.

  Patient:I'm just wondering if it’s my teeth or that it’s just my blood that’s doing it.

  Doctor:I think it might be the teeth.It’d be worth getting the dentist to have a look at your plate.

  Patient:(6)

  Doctor:Yes,yes.Keep on with those just now.

  Patient:Yes.Aye,two four,one or two four times a day.

  Doctor:Yes,one four times a day.

  Patient:Fine,yeah.

  Section B

  Directions:In this section there is one incomplete interview which has four blanks and four choices A,B,C and D,taken from the interview.Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the interview and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  A.Well,about costumes

  B.But you know me with fashion

  C.I kind of feel that it’s more about music itself

  D.So you have to change just enough

  Interviewer:Does the show have a concept?

  Interviewee:Well,it’s going to be much more — (7) .Not that we didn’t do that before.It’s putting more emphasis on big or chestra,music,musicians,singers,songs.We want to do music at the purest as possible,like the old days I guess.So if it’s a concept—

  Interviewer:HOW about costume—

  Interviewee:I think it is.

  Interviewer:How about costume —costume changes?

  Interviewee:(8) ----yes,I think people like to see artists change in different outfits.Again,it’s a—you have to be careful with that.People want you to change.They want to see outfits.And if you change too much,they say it’s too much.And if you change too little,they say it’s not enough.

  (9) .You can’t please everybody.But I have a wonderful stylist,Annie Horth,that I'm going to be working with again and who will make sure that we can please as many people as possible.(10) .I enjoy that very,very much.So I will try to change,not too little and not too much.

  Part II Vocabulary(10 minutes,10 points)

  Directions:In this part there are ten sentences,each with one word or phrase underlined.Choose the one from the four choices marked A,B,C and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence.

  Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  (11) I’m in a position to think about my future and plan it a little more rather than just waiting for what happens.

  A.used to B.unwilling to

  C.able to D.glad to

  (12) The Canadian landscape painters’ style featured brilliant colors and free brushstrokes.

  A.furthered B.showed

  C.replaced D.excluded

  (13) Milton Hershey was a successful entrepreneur whose openhearted generosity continues to touch the lives of thousands.

  A.generation B.kindness

  C.faculty D.readiness

  (14) Green plants take in carbon dioxide and give off oxygen in a food-making process called photosynthesis.

  A.donate B.check

  C.withhold D.release

  (15) The discovery of gold fields has long attracted large numbers of prospectors and other people because of the traditionally high value of gold.

  A.searchers B.inspectors

  C.protectors D.instructors

  (16) Even our Mitsubishi four-wheel-drive truck gets altitude sickness once in a while,so we like to give her a rest whenever we can.

  A.sometimes B.usually

  C.often D.seldom

  (17)Sculptors from Pergamum developed a distinct style,which they employed in creating a magnificent altar dedicated to Zeus,king of the Greek gods.

  A.set up B.carved up

  C.devoted to D.1ed to

  (18)Working where there is no running water causes a lot of suffering.Fortunately we have a cold spring a short distance from our house.

  A.Forgivably B.Steadily

  C.Constantly D.Luckily

  (19)The research shows that nearly 130 species of birds are vulnerable to the predicted effects of climate change.

  A.easily attacked by B.skillfully adapted to

  C.comfortably inclined to D.closely involved in

  (20)On the grounds of Wimbledon,a year-round museum is devoted to the joys and history of the sport—and one of their current exhibits showcases Ted Tinling,the popular and controversial designer of tennis dresses.

  A.conflicting B.well-known

  C.debatable D.innovative

  Part III Reading Comprehension(45 minutes,25 points)

  Section A

  Directions:In this section,there are four passages followed by questions Or unfinished statements,each with four suggested answers A,B,C and D.Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage One

  Researchers analysed the diet of 1 6, 000 people in 52 countries and identified three global eating patterns.The typical Western diet, high in fat, salt and meat, accounted for about 30%of heart attack risk in any population.A “prudent’’ diet high in fruit and vegetables lowered heart risk by a third.An Oriental diet,high in tofu, soy and other sauces, made no difference to heart attack risk.

  People who ate a Western diet had a 35%greater risk of having a heart attack than those who ate little or no fried.The typical Western diet has been widely linked to heart disease.High salt in the diet can raise blood pressure and the wrong type of fat can clog(阻塞)blood vessels.Ellen Mason, a cardiac nurse for the British Heart Foundation, said: “This study shows that it doesn’t matter whether you live in Bolton or Bombay, or whether you like to eat British, African Caribbean or Asian foods.The vital thing is to reduce your intake of salty, fried, fatty food to a minimum but increase the amount of fruit and vegetables you eat.’’

  (21) Which of the following was NOT one of the three global eating patterns?

  A.A Western diet. B.A “prudent" diet.

  C.An Oriental diet. D.A popular diet.

  (22) In what way does the typical Western diet do harm to our health?

  A.It makes people eat little or no foods and meat.

  B.It is high in salt without fried foods and meat.

  C.It can block blood vessels with the wrong type of fat.

  D.It leads to the connection between foods and heart attack.

  (23) What is the most important message the writer intends to get across in terms of keeping a healthy diet?

  A.Try to eat more British foods and vegetables.

  B.Eat less fruit and fewer vegetables.

  C.Try to eat more African Caribbean foods.

  D.Eat less salt and fat but more fruit and vegetables.

  Passage Two

  Before Moko the dolphin turned up,the beached whales were in clear distress.But when Moko arrived at Mahia beach on the east coast of New Zealand’S North Island,their mood changed and they followed him to safety.

  The ability of some animals to communicate is well known. What’s less well documented,however,is the communication between species.Justin Gregg, vice president of the Dolphin Communication Project,said it is possible that a dolphin and a whale could communicate in some way.“But it wouldn’t be instructions like ‘Hey,buddy,the open ocean is over here.Follow me, ’"he says.

  Dolphins use three forms of signaling to other dolphins—whistles,clicking and postures.A whale might have signals in common with a dolphin,just as different species of dolphins are known to share signals which might theoretically allow a form of basic inter species communication.But just as it’s possible that Moko the dolphin and the stranded whales shared a signal,it is also possible that the whales just saw a vaguely similar creature and followed it.

  There are many reasons why different species communicate,says Vincent Janik,lecturer at the Sea Mammal Research Unit at St Andrew’s University.“The animals exploit the systems of others for their own benefits.Sometimes the benefits are the same for each,therefore they share information.Sometimes they are trying to take advantage of the other.Getting food may not be to the advantage of the one giving up the food.”

  (24) What happened after Moko the dolphin appeared at Mahia beach?

  A.The beached whales still felt distressful.

  B.Moko 1ed the whales back to the sea.

  C.The whales were still stuck on the beach.

  D.Moko and the whales swam together ashore.

  (25) Scientists engaged in animal studies have collected .

  A.enough data on how animals speak human languages

  B.none of the data on animals’ ability to communicate

  C.1ess data on how animals communicate between species

  D.some data on animals’ tendency to talk to humans

  (26) Dolphins communicate with one another, using all the following types of signaling EXCEPT .

  A.gestures B.whistles

  C.clicking D.postures

  (27) The whales stranded on the beach followed the dolphin to safety probably because .

  A.they understood the dolphin’s instruction “Follow me’’

  B.they had signals in common with one another

  C.they recognized some other animals not far away

  D.they shared those inter-species signals with the dolphin

  (28) Why do animals of different species communicate with one another?

  A.Because they like to set up their own communication systems.

  B.Because they want to take advantage of the other species.

  C.Because they tend to keep more food to themselves.

  D.Because they benefit from using the information from other species.

  Passage Three

  Competition breeds excellence.Ask anyone who pays attention to the car industry and they will tell you that the family-sedan segment is just brutal,with manufacturers fighting tooth and nail over every sale.In fact,that market has become more competitive in recent years.It used to just be the Camry and the Accord fighting for supremacy,but now you have new(Hyundai)and old(Ford)competitors,among others,joining the fight with interesting,well-made,compelling products.It’s a great time to be shopping for a new family sedan.

  Compare that with the state of the tablet market today.Hewlett-Packard is in retreat.Research in Motion is in a holding pattern.Motorola has been sold and its tablet is now an afterthought.Samsung fights the good fight,but it trails Apple’s market share by 50 percentage points.

  Apple is not just ahead of the pack,it almost is the pack.Now,some would say that this is also a simple result of economic laws at work:Apple makes a superior product,therefore it gets most of the sales.But what would be really great is that,Apple,Google,Microsoft,and H.P.,locked in an epic battle for tablet supremacy,are each releasing new and better products at a furious pace,and each dropping prices substantially at a steady clip.

  Apple is driving innovation and creativity with each upgrade of the iPad it releases.But this isn’t about whether you prefer Apple or Android for your tablet.This isn’t about picking sides.As a consumer,I want there to be robust competition across the board.I want Coke and Pepsi,Target and Wal-Mart,Engadget and Gizmodo.

  If you’re a fan of Apple,you want there to be a worthy rival to push it,to keep its feet to the fire.If you don’t like Apple,you want someone else in the game so that Apple doesn’t suck all the air out of the room.And you want Apple to do the same pushing and foot scorching to its competitor that another company would do to it.

  (29) The phrase “fighting tooth and nail”(Para.1)means that car makers are .

  A.competing fiercely with one another

  B.beating one another with their tooth and nail

  C.extremely careful about the family-sedan segment

  D.paying more attention to their tooth and nail

  (30) Why is it a great time to be shopping for a new family sedan?

  A.Because competition is more interesting and compelling.

  B.Because Hyundai and Ford are joining the competition.

  C.Because customers have enough quality cars to choose from.

  D.Because the Camry and the Accord are competing for supremacy

  (31) What are the tablet makers strategically doing,facing the brutal competition?

  A.Developing new products and reducing prices.

  B.Analyzing the results of the economic laws.

  C.Adapting to the furious pace of development.

  D.Providing best possible services for their products.

  (32) The author brings in the pairs of Coke and Pepsi.Target and Wal-Mart,Engadget and Gizmodo’’(Para.4)to make .

  A.a comparison B.a contrast

  C.an abstraction D.an exemplification

  (33) What does the phrase “to keep its feet to the fire” in the last paragraph mean?

  A.To place Apple’s feet close to the fire.

  B.To pressure Apple into intensifying its competition.

  C.To force Apple to dance hard on the fire.

  D.To advise Apple to strategically drop its side products.

  (34) Why does the author start with the car industry before he focuses on tablet market?

  A.Because he treats the car industry as the key point for his writing.

  B.Because the car industry is more important than tablet market.

  C.Because he uses the car analogy for a more effective argumentation.

  D.Because the model of the car is far more popular in the market.

  Passage Four

  So what are books good for ? My best answer is that books produce knowledge by encasing it.Books take ideas and set them down,transforming them through the limitations of space into thinking usable by others.In 1959,C.P.Snow threw down the challenge of “two cultures.’’ the scientific and the humanistic,pursuing their separate,unconnected lives within developed societies.In the new-media ecology of the 21st century,we may not have closed that gap,but the two cultures of the contemporary world are the culture of data and the culture of narrative.Narrative is rarely collective.It isn’t infinitely expandable.Narrative has a shape and a temporality,and it ends,just as our lives do.Books tell stories.Scholarly books tell scholarly stories.

  Storytelling is central to the work of the narrative-driven disciplines—the humanities and the nonquantitative social sciences—and it is central to the communicative pleasures of reading.Even argument is a form of narrative.Different kinds of books are,of course,good for different things.Some should be created only for download and occasional access,as in the case of most reference projects,which these days are born digital or at least given dual passports.But scholarly writing requires narrative fortitude,on the part of writer and reader.There is onthing wiki about the last set of Cambridge University Press monographs(专著)I purchased,and in each I encounter an individual speaking subject.

  Each single-author book is immensely particular,a story told as only one storyteller could recount it.Scholarship is a collagist(拼贴画家),building the next road map of what we know book by book.Stories end,and that,I think,is a very good thing.A single authorial voice is a kind of performance,with an audience of one at a time,and no performance should outstay its welcome.Because a book must end,it must have a shape,the arc of thought that demonstrates not only the writer’s command of her or his subject but also that writer’s respect for the reader.A book is its own set of bookends.

  Even if a book is published in digital form,freed from its materiality,that shaping case of the codex(古书的抄本)is the ghost in the knowledge-machine.We are the case for books.Our bodies hold the capacity to generate thousands of ideas,perhaps even a couple of full-length monographs,and maybe a trade book or two.If we can get them right,books are luminous versions of our ideas,bound by narrative structure so that others can encounter those better,smarter versions of us on the page or screen.Books make the case for us,for the identity of the individual as an embodiment of thinking in the world.The heart of what even scholars do is the endless task of making that world visible again and again by telling stories,complicated and subtle stories that reshape us daily so that new forms of know1edge can shine out.

  (35)According to the author,the narrative culture is .

  A.connectable B.infinitely expandable

  C.collective D.nonquantitative

  (36) Storytelling can be regarded as the essence of all the following EXCEPT .

  A.the humanities B.the reference books

  C.the social sciences D.the pleasures of reading

  (37) What does the phrase “nothing wiki about’’(Para.2)mean according to the passage?

  A.Nothing casual about.

  B.Nothing stimulating about.

  C.Nothing referential about.

  D.Nothing controversial about.

  (38) Why is each single-author book immensely particular according to the passage?

  A.Because it enriches and restructures our knowledge in its own way.

  B.Because it puts together the particular stories we need.

  C.Because it tells single-handedly how we should perform.

  D.Because it helps to make the map for our travel in particular places.

  (39) We may think highly of a writer if his or her work helps .

  A.to haunt us like a ghost in the knowledge-machine

  B.to publish books in a narrative structure

  C.to review a book on the page or screen

  D.to illuminate us in a new form of knowledge

  (40) Why does the writer think that even argument is a form of narrative?

  A.Because it can be accessed and downloaded anywhere anytime.

  B.Because it is born digital or it might have dual passports.

  C.Because it has the 1imitation of time both for the writer and the reader.

  D.Because it will remain a better and smarter version for us on the page.

  Section B

  Directions:In this section,you are required to read one quoted blog and the comments on it.The blog and comments are followed by questions or unfinished statements,each with four suggested answers A,B,C and D.Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the answer sheet.

  “Years ago,a friend of mine observed that 80 percent of the people in this country have too much self-esteem and 20 percent have much too little.That struck me as pretty accurate,but psychologists will tell you that self-esteem is not a constant.People’s appraisal of their own worth varies....I have the impression that more people have unstable self-esteem than before.I say this because some of the traditional standards people used to measure their own worth have eroded(middle class respectability),whereas more people now seem to measure themselves against celebrities and superstars.It would be interesting to know if anybody has studied changes in the criteria we use to measure self-worth.’’

  Comment1:

  You bring up an interesting point because I do believe values and beliefs have changed.It would be very interesting to see the criteria used for self-worth.I find it hard to believe that only 20%of people have low self-esteem.I’ve been following Brene Brown’s thoughts on the subject of self-worth,and low self-worth (on some level) seems much more common.

  Comment 2:

  If the quality of one’s self-esteem is going to be judged by comparisons with those who are celebrities and superstars,then the entire exercise is really pointless.

  Comment 3:

  Self-esteem solution:A happy marriage.

  Comment 4:’

  Ego(self-worth)is proportionate to wealth.The more wealth,the more self-worth.

  Comment 5:

  Benjamin Franklin said it best,and it applies to all facets of life.“Contentment will make a poor man rich just as discontent will make a rich man poor.” It does not mean not try to do your best,or be the richest.It simply means once you’ve done your best be content with yourself,just as if you don’t give your best effort discontent is sure to follow.

  Comment 6:

  I’ve ‘‘retired’’ from 30 years of expensive,if interesting,‘‘personal growth’’ and “self-improvement.”much probably motivated by trying to “fix” myself.Hanging out with friends at a local cafe is way more satisfying.

  Comment 7:

  A related concept you may be interested in is the “ sociometer theory" of self-esteem,pioneered by Mark Leary(Wake Forest).Basically it states that our self-esteem is determined by the amount of perceived social acceptance/rejection,and that determination is full of

  cognitive biases and errors.Awesome stuff.

  (41) The main idea of the quoted blog is that .

  A.most people in the country have too much self-esteem

  B.it is urgent to help those who have too little self-esteem

  C.the criteria for people to measure their self-worth are changing

  D.the traditional standards make people feel unstable

  (42)Among all the comments,which of the following choices brings in authoritative sources in their discussion?

  A.Comment 1 and Comment 2.

  B.Comment 3 and Comment 5.

  C.Comment 1 and Comment 7.

  D.Comment 4 and Comment 6.

  (43)What all the commentators try to respond to in their writing is

  A.the respect for the traditional values

  B.the standards of self-worth measurement

  C.marriage,celebrities and social activities

  D.ego,contentment and social judgment

  (44) Why does the writer of Comment 5 try to clarify Benjamin Franklin’s saying?

  A.Because Franklin’s saying is universally applicable.

  B.Because contentment means “rich” and discontent means “poor.’’

  C.Because if you do your best,you will be the richest.

  D.Because misunderstandings might occur of Franklin’s saying.

  (45) What is the writer’s attitude toward the “sociometer theory’’ in Comment 7?

  A.Affirmative. B.Objective.

  C.Detached. D.Negative.

  Part IV Cloze (10 minutes,10 points)

  Directions:In this part,there is a passage with ten blanks.For each blank there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the best answer for each blank and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Almost half of UK internet users are going online via mobile phone data connections,according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).45%of people surveyed said they(46) use of the net while out and about,compared with 31%in 2010.The most rapid growth was (47)

  younger people,where 71%of internet-connected 16 to 24-year-olds used mobiles.

  Domestic internet use also rose.According to the ONS,77%of households now have(48) to a net connection.That figure was(49) 4%from the previous year,representing the slowest rate of (50) since the ONS survey began in 2006.The figure for domestic connections contrasted sharply with the rapid growth in uptake of mobile services.

  (51) ,the popularity of 3G broadband did not necessarily mean that more people were going online overall.Many of those using mobile phones are(52) to already have home broadband connections.

  Older users,who the government is particularly keen to get(53) ,appeared to (54)

  relatively untouched by the phenomenon.While 71% of 16 to 24-year-old who went

  (55) said they used mobile broadband,just 8%of internet users aged over 65 made use of the newer technology.

  (46)A.made B.took C.kept D.sought

  (47)A.around B.within C.among D.beyond

  (48)A.route B.access C.way D.road

  (49)A.on B.up C.of D.in

  (50)A.survey B.internet C.mobiles D.growth

  (5 1)A.However B.Because C.Moreover D.Even if

  (52)A.easy B.fast C.1ikely D.slow

  (5 3)A.connected B.used to C.provided D.called

  (54)A.have B.be C.being D.have been

  (55)A.abroad B.out C.online D.home

  Part V Text Completion(20 minutes,20 points)

  Directions:In this part there are three short texts.For each text,you should first fill in the blank in the choices A,B,C(and D) with the best answer provided in the rectangle.Then,complete the text itself by filling in each of the blanks with the completed A,or B,or C(or D).Write your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Text One

  learn to on or not

  A.Whether we like it(56)

  B.have to(57) accept

  C.that exists(58) planet Earth

  The film shows how wonderfully gentle and caring elephants are,and just how intelligent and “human” they are as well.People (59) that we humans are,in fact,animals.(60) ,we are still part of the whole.Every species(61) has a role to play.The role of humans has,on the whole,been destructive.Humans need to have more respect for nature.

  Text Two

  watch information with

  A.associated (62) a 22-minute reduction in their life expectancy

  B.lived an average 4.8 years less than those who didn’t (63) any television

  C.when they collected TV viewing(64)

  Sitting in front of the television may be relaxing,but spending too much time in front of the tube may take years off your life.That’s what Australian researchers found (65) from more than 11,000 people older than 25 years.The study found that people who watched an average six hours of TV a day(66) .Also,every hour of TV that participants watched after age 25 was (67) .The more TV you watch,the 1ess physically active you are.And the less exercise you get,the more likely you are to develop diseases such as diabetes or heart problems.

  Text Thee

  Hard economic times

  carbon accounting

  qualified workers

  large and active students clubs

  A.like team projects,(68)

  B.offering electives in topics like(69)

  C.(70) have not tempered this demand

  D.To meet this demand will require (71)

  The demand for workers with sustainability-related job skills has been rising sharply these years.(72) .So a growing number of graduate business programs are(73) ,corporate social responsibility and lean manufacturing techniques to reduce waste and environmental impact.

  The top programs will also offer a variety of learning experiences,(74) ,and hands-on field experience as well as classes in policy and environmental management.Demand from students is also driving business schools to include more social and environmental topics in their curriculum,and(75) .The economic downturn has caused some deep soul searching among this generation and they want to incorporate their desires to change the world into their careers now.

  Part VI Translation(20 minutes,10 points)

  Directions:Translate the following passage into Chinese.Write your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Physicists were thinking far ahead of their time in a very intelligent way.They saw what was going to happen before it actually did.They thought about modern computing in the 1950s,they imagined a lot of the technological progress that we would see only decades later in the real world.They were asking very theoretical questions because these ideas were still so far removed from practice.And they asked very moral questions as well,because the things they conceptualized could be used for great good or for great evil.It could go either way,so moral judgments had to be made.

  Part VII Writing (30 minutes,15 points)

  Directions:Write at least 150 words about the topic:Schools in China have been told to offer more classes in calligraphy(书法)because computer use and text-messaging are ruining children’s writing style.You should write according to the outline given below:

  1.手机和计算机使用使学生写字越来越生疏

  2.写字和练书法会给学生带来益处

  3.我对学生练书法的看法和建议

  样卷一参考答案

  Part I Oral Communication(1 5 minutes,1 0 points)

  1-5 B C A B A

  6-10 C C A D B

  Part II Vocabulary(10 minutes,10 points)

  11-15 CBBDA

  16-20 ACDAC

  Part III Reading Comprehension(45 minutes,25 points)

  21-25 D C D B C

  26-30 A D D A C

  31-35 A D B C D

  36-40 B C A D C

  41-45 C C B D D

  Part IV Cloze(10 minutes,10 points)

  46-50 A C B B D

  51-55 A A C D C

  Part V Text Completion (20 minutes,20 points)

  Text One

  56-61 or not learn to on B A C

  Text Two

  (62) with (63)watch (64)information (65)C (66)B (67)A

  Text Three

  (68) large and active student clubs

  (69) carbon accounting

  (70) hard economic times

  (71) qualified workers

  (72) D(73)B(74)A(75)C

  Part VI Translation(20 minutes,1 0 points)

  物理学家才思敏慧,所思所想远超他们所处的年代。他们能洞见即将发生之事。他们预见了20世纪50年代的现代计算技术,并想象到了我们几十年以后才看到的许多技术进展。他们提出实际生活中还未见端倪的理论性很强的问题,同时也提出了道德性很强的问题,因为在他们头脑中形成的概念性东西其用途不分善恶。既然善恶两可,这些概念性东西就需要道德来对它们进行评判。

  Part VII Writing(30 minutes,15 points)

  These years,school students are using more and more electronic products like computers and mobile phones,but they have a problem.Since they keep keying in words or choices,they are no longer as good as they are supposed to be at hand-writing.

  Hand-writing is still important in our life,especially to the students when they do exercises,take notes,write announcements or sit in for the examinations.Calligraphy will help them to write well and make them confident not only in school,but also in the future.Poor writing,however,means fewer opportunities and sometimes unrecognizable words may cause breakdowns in communication.

  I think that we should first encourage students to write well in fountain pen because we use it far more often in our life.of course,if some of them write for the artistic purpose,they can move on to write in brush pen.They will benefit both physically and mentallywhen they start to enjoy their achievements in writing.

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