2015考研英语押题:大作文预测(英语一)

日期: 2014-12-22 来源: 本站 阅读:
   

Top 1:社会民风专题(诚信、共赢、勤俭、节约)

1、必背表达

互信 mutual trust

诚信 credibility

品德 morality

创新 innovation

共赢 all-win

欺诈 fraud

代价 cost

社会文明 social civilization

假冒伪劣产品 fake commodities

社会危害 harm to society

学术造假 academic cheating

诚实为上策 Honestly is the best policy.

减少浪费 reduce waste

促进改革 promote reform

减轻负担 reduce the burden of……

调整产业结构 adjust the industrial structure

物质文明、精神文明一起抓pay equal attention to the material progress and cultural progress

形成文明、健康、崇尚科学的良好社会风尚 form civilized, healthy and science-upholding social practice

2、高分热文

诚信-食品安全问题

From the cartoons given above, we can see that the cow is explaining to the little baby that it is not her fault for giving the poisoned power milk/the keeper is feeding the pig with Clenbuterol (瘦肉精).The cartoon wisely reflects the food safety issues (食品安全问题) which occur in recent years. Food safety related to people’s health and it concerns about people’s basic livelihood. Since the Sanlu Incident occurred in 2008, the entire society was increasingly concerned about food safety issue. It was in this context that the food safety issue has been referred to an unprecedented height.

Problems leading to food safety are as follows: 1) using poor quality raw materials in the food manufacturing process; 2) adding toxic substances(有毒物质); 3) excessive use of food additives(食品添加剂); 4) abusing of chemical additives and so on. There are many reasons that cause this problem. It is regulators, producers, and even consumers who share the responsibilities.

As Confucius instructed: better late than never. Prompt and strict measures should be taken to turn back (扭转)this evil trend. The government should launch a massive moral campaign to educate all citizens and draw up(制定) tougher laws to crack down on those irresponsible corporations and prohibit them from entering the food industry again. I am firmly convinced that through our combined efforts we are bound to enjoy more risk-free foods in the days ahead.

3、精彩译文

从上面的卡通图片我们可以看到:一只奶牛正在向这个小宝宝解释说生产有毒奶粉不是她的错/饲养员正在给猪喂瘦肉精。该卡通图片巧妙地反映了近年来我们社会中存在的食品安全问题。食品安全问题关系到人民健康,是最基本的民生问题。自2008年“三鹿事件”发生以来,全社会对食品安全问题的关注越来越高。正是在这种情况下,食品安全问题被提到了空前的高度。

食品安全主要存在以下问题:在生产食品过程使用劣质的原材料,添加有毒物质,过量使用防腐剂,滥用化学添加剂等。引起这一问题的原因有很多,监管者,生产者甚至是消费者都有责任。

正如孔子教导的:晚做总比不做好。我们应该采取及时严厉的措施来扭转这一不好的局面。政府应该发起大量的道德运动以教育所有的市民,并制定更严厉的法律打击那些不负责任的企业,并禁止他们再次进入食品行业。我坚信,通过我们的共同努力,我们一定会在未来的日子中享受更多的无风险食品。

Top 2:前沿科技专题(电子书、时尚购物、低俗信息、色情诱惑)

1、必背表达

网恋cyber romance

网购online shopping

团购Group shopping

秒杀Sec-kill

网店online shop/store

信誉credit

退款refund

科学技术science and technology

沉迷网络web-addiction

电脑犯罪computer crime

电子商务e-commerce

虚拟生活virtual life

信息时代information era

网上冲浪surf the Internet

电子书 electronic book

网拍麻豆Net model

浏览器购物Monitor shopping

橱窗购物Window shopping

网上评价internet review

网上纠纷online dispute

恶性骚扰malicious harassment

品质保证quality guarantee

2、高分热文

人们对网络的依赖

As is shown above, in front of a computer happily sits a teenager, attempting to work on his homework effortlessly, with the help from the internet finishing the job for him. There has been a heated discussion about this picture in the news paper recently. Simple as the picture is, it does demonstrate certain thought-provoking social phenomenon.

The picture tells us that our life has been greatly influenced and changed by scientific and technological advances, an integral part(不可分割的一部分)to every aspect of modern life. What’s more, individuals, organizations and governments attach due attention to this phenomenon. On the one hand, the progress can enhance people’s understanding on a subject, improve people’s learning capacity and skills, shrink the distance between cities and even continents; smooth the communication between residents and rid of the barrier(消除障碍) between people. Technical advances offer all people in the world a quality of life what was unimaginable(不可思议的) when personal computer first appeared 60 years ago. Our factory hums to the rhythm of robot assembly arms.

Our banking is done at automated teller terminals that thank us with mechanical politeness for transaction. Our subway trains are controlled by tireless robot drivers. On the other hand, while computers, as have been mentioned above, help students finish the academic job, but this technology, at the same time, kills their creative thinking and exploration spirit(创造思维和探索精神). The effect of board-dependence brought by it causes the young, nowadays, even can seldom spell correctly, let alone the negative effects triggered by porn movies, violent video clips and their like. (第二段比较长,目的是让大家积累素材,考试时建议不要超过规定字数)

In my view, while we are enjoying the conveniences of the science and technology, we should keep a watching -eyes on(注意、当心) those negative practice, and aim to reduce the problems it has caused. Then the benefits of these advances will outweigh the serious problems.

3、精彩译文

如图所示,在电脑前坐着一个年轻人,正准备着不花力气就把作业完成,来自网络的帮助很快就完成了所有的学习任务。最近报纸上对这样图画的讨论有很多。图虽然简单,但确实表明了一个发人深省的社会现象。

这幅图告诉我们,我们的生活已经被科技的进步极大地影响了我们的生活, 科技是生活中重要的一部分。个人、组织、政府都很关注之一现象。一方面科技的进步提高了人们对事物的认识,提高了人们的学习能力和技能,缩短了城市和城市之间,甚至各大洲之间的距离。使人和人之间的沟通更加顺畅。科技的进步给世界人们带来的生活在60年前第一台电脑出现的时候是不可想象的。 我们的工厂里轰鸣着机器人组装臂的节奏声;我们的银行业务在自动柜员机完成,他们用礼貌的语言感谢我们办理业务;我们的地铁由不知疲倦的机器人四级驾驶。但是另一方面,虽然计算机在帮着孩子们完成作业,但是与此同时也在扼杀着他们的创造思维和探索精神。多于键盘的依赖使得很多孩子很少能正确的拼写和书写,就更不用提由于色情电影和暴力视频带来的负面影响了。

在我看来,我们在享受科技便利的时候,一定要小心负面的应用。并且向办法去克服这些问题,这样才能利大于弊。

Top 3:人生哲理专题

1、必背表达

自立 self-dependence

勤奋 diligence

恒心 perseverance

幸福 happiness

不断努力 make constant efforts

缺乏自信 lack of confidence

保持乐观 keep optimistic

悲观的 pessimistic

积极态度 positive attitude

消极态度 negative attitude

取得成功succeed, achieve success,

害怕失败fear to lose

自我实现individual self-realization

不遗余力去做某事spare no efforts/pains to do, make great effort,

坚持不懈地做某事be persistent with sth./ do with full persistence

尽一切努力取得成功try every means to stay on top

经得住挑战与困难stand up to/ withstand challenges and difficulties

2、高分热文

态度与幸福

As is revealed in the cartoon, a boy is contemplating(认为) the true meaning of happiness. It is indeed a tough question for him: what is happiness? Making a huge sum of money, or winning true love, or keeping good health, or what? The picture is fairly thought-provoking(发人深省), which intends to convey to us this message: Due attention should be paid to the constant topic of human—happiness.

We can easily recognize the significance of attitude in terms of happiness. On the one hand, some have suffered a great deal but generally remain happy. Take the victims of Wen Chuan earthquake as an example, they lost their families and even something more precious, but they eventually stepped out of the pain to rebuild their home. On the other hand, people who have a relatively easy and comfortable life, and yet are essentially unhappy. Without a positive attitude or the determination to find the little happiness of life, you are destined to(注定) be grievous, no matter what kind of situation you are in.

Considering all the points discussed above, it is advisable that we highly value optimism and apply it in our studies and work. We are, therefore, supposed to take a rational attitude. Happiness is an attitude, not a condition, which lies in the unswerving efforts(坚持不懈的努力) to complete one’s life.

3、精彩译文

如图所示,一个男孩沉思着“幸福”的真正含义。这对他确实是很难回答,什么是幸福呢?挣大钱,赢得真爱,永葆健康,还是其它?这个图片令人沉思,它试图传递给我们这样一个信息:我们应该适当关注人类这个永恒的话题-幸福。

我们很容易就能认识到在“幸福”这个话题中“态度”的重要性。一种情况,一些人遭受了很多,但仍然很幸福。就拿汶川地震的受害者为例,他们失去了家园,甚至是更加宝贵的东西,但最终还是走出痛苦,重建了家园。而有些人过着相对惬意舒适的生活,但一点儿都不快乐。可见,如果你没有积极乐观的态度和寻找生活中小幸福的决心,不管你身处何境,都注定是悲伤的。

综上所述,我们应该重视乐观的态度并把它应用到我们的学习和工作中。因此,我们应该有一个合理的理念:幸福是一种态度,而不是一种条件,它的实现在于通过不断地努力让自己的人生更加完美。

Top 4:教育专题

1、必背表达

培养cultivate

课余的extracurricular

填鸭式duck-stuffing

文凭热diploma craze

教学改革educational reform

学术的academic

创新学习innovative learning

高等教育higher education

假毕业证/文凭fake certificate/diploma

考研热the craze for graduate school

贫困学生poverty-stricken students

全体教员faculty

深造further one’s study

素质教育quality education

德才兼备 possess political integrity and professional ability

提高学生身心素质 improve the health and psychological quality

适应社会的改变 adjust to the social changes quickly

努力获得精神文明 make efforts to seek cultural and ideological progress

2、高分热文

教育-应试教育的弊端

On a tree sprout four branches, which are symbols of academic abilities(学术能力), practical abilities(实践能力), organization abilities(组织能力) and acting abilities(表演能力). A saw, a symbol of education, violently cuts down three branches, leaving the only one symbolizing academic abilities.

This picture illustrates a current problematic standard practice in education which stresses only academic learning. High scores in examinations or rather academic success is apparently the main pursuit by most students, parents and teachers. In china, a great educational background is always considered as a sure ticket to a lucrative career(有钱途的职业) and a successful life. Children, consequently, are expected to go along the same growth path from a famous kindergarten to a good primary school to a key middle school and then hopefully to a well-known university. If a child shows no interest in traditional learning, even though he is talented in other fields, he will be considered as an idle person without big dreams and be severely punished.

This education principle was fruitful(有成效的) when university students were highly valued by the job market but no longer productive since the job market has greatly changed. The job market requires more than academic ability nowadays. People with admirable educational background will also fail because of lack of other abilities. There are many forms of abilities for a person, and we’d better strive for a balanced development.

3、精彩译文

一棵树上生出四个枝杈,分别象征着学术能力、实践能力、组织能力和表演能力。一把象征教育的锯生硬地把三个分枝砍掉了,只剩下了一个象征学术能力的枝丫。

这幅图说明了当前在教育界,标准的惯例是有问题的:只强调学术学习。很明显,大部分的学生、父母、老师最主要追求的是考试中取得高分以及学术上的成功。在中国,好的教育背景一直被认为是高新工作和成功人生的入场券。所以孩子们都期待能有这样人生:从著名的幼儿园到知名的小学,再到重点高中,然后希望考上名牌大学。如果一个孩子对传统的教育不感兴趣,尽管他在其它领域有天赋,人们也会认为他是一个没有梦想无所事事的人,还会受到严厉的惩罚。

当职场赋予大学生高得价值是,这个教育理念就是有益的,但因为职场有了很大的变化,这一理念已经不再有益了。现在的职场需要的不仅是学术能力,有着非凡教育背景的人因为缺乏其它能力也会失败。一个人有各种各样的能力,我们最好追求发展的平衡。

Top 5:文化专题

1、必背表达

碰撞crash

多样性diversity

原创原始的original

少数民族minority

有启发的revealing

极具魅力的charming

壮丽辉煌的splendid

谈话节目talk show

英语热English fever

文化和文明culture and civilization

博大精深的great and profound

融合交汇integration and interaction

中西合璧a combination of Chinese and Western elements

2、高分热文

中西方文化合璧

As is shown in the picture, a young American girl is wearing traditional Chinese dress and ornaments and is smiling sweetly. It may be an ordinary picture, but it conveys deep and profound meaning: national culture is also international culture.

Ever since we opened our door to the world, we have attracted and influenced by things from other cultures, such as jeans, country music and fast food. We have shown such interest in them that some people, especially the younger generation, become crazy about them. The more exotic(异国风情的) they are, the more fashionable they seem to be. Now, national culture began to show its charm and gain popularity(受到欢迎) all over the world. Our national costume, just as shown in the picture, Beijing Opera, Cross Talk, for example, have won favor with(得到……支持) a lot of foreigners.

As national culture becomes international culture, people in the world better understand each other. We are all villagers in this global village. Mutual respect and understanding (相互尊重、理解)make this world a better place to live in.

3、精彩译文

如图所示,一个年轻的美国女孩穿着传统的中国服饰,笑容甜美。图片或许很简单,但它表达了深刻的含义:民族文化也是世界的文化。

自从改革开放以来,外来的文化,例如:牛仔裤、乡村音乐及快餐等吸引并影响着我们。我们对这些充满兴趣,尤其是年轻人为其疯狂。他们越是异国风情,就越是时尚流行。如今,我们的本族文化开始展现其魅力,并且在全世界范围内受到欢迎。例如,图片中展示的民族服装、京剧、相声受到了很多外国人的喜爱。

民族文化也是世界的,所以全世界的人们能够更好的理解对方。我们都是地球村的村民,相互的尊重和理解让这个地球更适宜居住。

Top 6:伦理道德专题(尊老、爱幼、爱心)

1、必背表达

伦理 ethics,moral principle

道德 moral,morality

老年人 aged father, senior citizens, old and helpless parents, elderly people, the old

逃避责任 shirk the duty, shun the responsibilities

虐待 mistreatment, be ill-treated, be neglected, be reduced to utter poverty

中国文化传统美德 traditional virtue of Chinese culture

经济支持financially support,

严厉惩罚 severely punish

培养意识 cultivate the awareness,

遏制不良现象 curb evil phenomenon

2、高分热文

让座

In the thought-provoking picture, a young man and a lady is sitting on the chair in a waiting room that is allocated specially for mothers with baby. Regrettably(令人遗憾的是), they simply neglect the mother with a baby in her right arm and a big bag in her left hand standing just beside them with great efforts. The scene will set ordinary citizens to think seriously about the nation’s painfully declining moral climate(道德风尚的衰败).

Some of this can be attributed to the lack of morality(道德缺乏), a problem shown particularly in the younger generation. Their sense of moral standards (道德感标准)seems to be withering(下降) although their material comforts have been considerably enhanced. What makes matters even worse is the fact that such misdeeds as spitting, picking flowers in public gardens or making noises in public places are becoming so pervasive(普遍的) that they are likely to be taken for granted(习惯成自然) by the public. With today’s worsening morality, social bonds (社会联系)have been weakened, replaced by a greater emphasis on self. That is why new ideas must come forward to improve the nation’s moral climate though the challenge cannot be underestimated(低估).

Moral decline will not be reversed(扭转)until we find new ways to improve our moral standards. For adults, we can make use of every chance to remind young people of the importance of good manners, both as a competent citizen(合格公民) in modern society and as a model for them to follow. Only in this way can the moral climate of our nation be improved, and we sincerely wish that the young man in the picture could realize that he has sit on a “wrong” seat.

3、精彩译文

在这个法人深省的图片中,一个年轻人和以为女士坐在母婴室的座位上。遗憾的是,他们忽视掉了旁边站着的一位母亲,她右手抱着孩子左手提着个大袋子,非常吃力。这个场景让我们不禁沉思整个民族道德风气的衰败,令人痛心。

导致这种现象的一些原因可以归因为道德缺失,这一现象在年轻人当中尤为明显。尽管人们物质上的舒适度提高了,但道德感却下降了。更加糟糕的是,一些不良行为,比如说吐痰,在公园采花,在公共场所大声喧哗等越来越普遍,而且公众逐渐习惯成自然。今天随着道德感的下降,社会联系也已经弱化,取而代之的是更加明显的以自我为中心。这也是为什么我们必须提出要提高全民的道德风尚,尽管挑战是不容低估的。

只有找到提高道德标准的方法,我们才能逆转道德感的下降。对于成年人,作为现代社会的合格公民和年轻人仿效的榜样,我们应该利用每次机会提醒他们良好习惯的重要性。只有通过这种方式,国家的道德风尚才能被提高。我们也真诚的希望,图片中的年轻人能够意识到他坐错了座位。

Top 7:环境专题(环保、节能)

1、必背表达

雾霾haze

工业化industrialization

空气污染指数air pollution index

橙色预警orange alert

悬浮颗粒物airborne particulate matter

有毒物质toxic substance

空气质量检测air quality monitoring

有害空气污染物hazardous airborne pollutant

污浊的空气foul air

防尘口罩anti-dust gauze mask

能见度低low visibility

机动车尾气尘vehicle exhaust

乘客滞留passengers stranded

释放、泄漏有害气体和液体 discharge/ let out/ leak/ pour out harmful gases and liquids

2、高分热文

环境保护

The cartoon presents the Earth with a personified human face that seems quite unhappy. An examination of the picture immediately reveals that the source of its mood is the air pollution resulting from a huge number of automobiles spread around its surface.

The cartoon, no doubt, aims at alarming humans of the heavy load we have exerted on Earth by our insatiable(贪得无厌的) production and usage of automobiles. However, the majority of people merely indulge in(沉迷于) the celebration of the convenience brought by cars, while forgetting or simply neglecting their harmful impact on the atmosphere. Admittedly(无可否认地), there are various factors contributing to the current worldwide air pollution, but it is undeniable that(不可否认地) the exhaust from automobiles is categorized as one of the major elements.

I would like to make the following proposals to solve this problem: firstly, we should apply the most cutting-edge technologies(前沿技术) in order to adopt new forms of energy(新能源) as substitutes for(取代) fossil fuels(矿物燃料). It should also be guaranteed that the clean energy be inexpensive so that it can be widely accepted. Besides, there should be attempts to develop possible transportation means, so that citizens can be diverted from(摆脱)dependence on cars. In short, it is humans’ responsibility to resume(恢复,唤回)clean air for Earth.

3、精彩译文

这幅漫画以拟人的方式呈现地球,它的脸显得非常不高兴。仔细观察这幅图就会发现其郁闷来自于空气污染,这是由于其表面上有着无数车辆在行驶。

毫无疑问,这幅漫画意在向人们敲响警钟,即人类永不知足的生产和使用汽车给我们的地球带来了巨大的负担。但是,大部分人却沉溺于汽车带来方便,而忘记了或者是忽略了其对大气层的负面影响。诚然,有很多因素导致了现在的全球空气污染问题,但是不能否认的是汽车废气被归为最重要的因素之一。

为了解决这个问题,我想提出以下建议:第一,我们应该运用最先进的技术从而以新能源替代化石燃料。同时,我们要确保清洁能源的价格低廉以得到大众的接受。此外,我们应该尝试发展各种交通方式,这样市民们能够摆脱对于汽车的依赖。简而言之,人类有责任来恢复地球的清洁空气。

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  7. ·金融理论与投资管理
  8. ·档案管理与地方志编纂
  1. ·人力资源
  2. ·企业管理
  3. ·数据分析
  4. ·人力资源管理
  5. ·社会心理学
  6. ·管理社会学
  7. ·翻译
  8. ·现代管理与战略决策
  9. ·历史教育与现代传媒
  1. ·美学与文化创意产业
  2. ·新媒体艺术创意与策划
  3. ·数字影像艺术
  4. ·景观建筑规划
  5. ·企业管理
  6. ·大数据与云计算
  7. ·动画(漫)
  8. ·世界文化遗产与历史文化旅游
  1. ·动漫节目创意与规划
  2. ·音乐教育音乐表演研究
  3. ·视觉艺术设计
  4. ·文化艺术策划
  5. ·项目管理
  6. ·美学与环境艺术
  7. ·金融信息工程
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