互信 mutual trust
社会文明 social civilization
假冒伪劣产品 fake commodities
社会危害 harm to society
学术造假 academic cheating
诚实为上策 Honestly is the best policy.
减少浪费 reduce waste
促进改革 promote reform
减轻负担 reduce the burden of……
调整产业结构 adjust the industrial structure
物质文明、精神文明一起抓pay equal attention to the material progress and cultural progress
形成文明、健康、崇尚科学的良好社会风尚 form civilized, healthy and science-upholding social practice
From the cartoons given above, we can see that the cow is explaining to the little baby that it is not her fault for giving the poisoned power milk/the keeper is feeding the pig with Clenbuterol (瘦肉精).The cartoon wisely reflects the food safety issues (食品安全问题) which occur in recent years. Food safety related to people’s health and it concerns about people’s basic livelihood. Since the Sanlu Incident occurred in 2008, the entire society was increasingly concerned about food safety issue. It was in this context that the food safety issue has been referred to an unprecedented height.
Problems leading to food safety are as follows: 1) using poor quality raw materials in the food manufacturing process; 2) adding toxic substances(有毒物质); 3) excessive use of food additives(食品添加剂); 4) abusing of chemical additives and so on. There are many reasons that cause this problem. It is regulators, producers, and even consumers who share the responsibilities.
As Confucius instructed: better late than never. Prompt and strict measures should be taken to turn back (扭转)this evil trend. The government should launch a massive moral campaign to educate all citizens and draw up(制定) tougher laws to crack down on those irresponsible corporations and prohibit them from entering the food industry again. I am firmly convinced that through our combined efforts we are bound to enjoy more risk-free foods in the days ahead.
科学技术science and technology
网上冲浪surf the Internet
电子书 electronic book
As is shown above, in front of a computer happily sits a teenager, attempting to work on his homework effortlessly, with the help from the internet finishing the job for him. There has been a heated discussion about this picture in the news paper recently. Simple as the picture is, it does demonstrate certain thought-provoking social phenomenon.
The picture tells us that our life has been greatly influenced and changed by scientific and technological advances, an integral part(不可分割的一部分)to every aspect of modern life. What’s more, individuals, organizations and governments attach due attention to this phenomenon. On the one hand, the progress can enhance people’s understanding on a subject, improve people’s learning capacity and skills, shrink the distance between cities and even continents; smooth the communication between residents and rid of the barrier(消除障碍) between people. Technical advances offer all people in the world a quality of life what was unimaginable(不可思议的) when personal computer first appeared 60 years ago. Our factory hums to the rhythm of robot assembly arms.
Our banking is done at automated teller terminals that thank us with mechanical politeness for transaction. Our subway trains are controlled by tireless robot drivers. On the other hand, while computers, as have been mentioned above, help students finish the academic job, but this technology, at the same time, kills their creative thinking and exploration spirit(创造思维和探索精神). The effect of board-dependence brought by it causes the young, nowadays, even can seldom spell correctly, let alone the negative effects triggered by porn movies, violent video clips and their like. (第二段比较长，目的是让大家积累素材，考试时建议不要超过规定字数)
In my view, while we are enjoying the conveniences of the science and technology, we should keep a watching -eyes on(注意、当心) those negative practice, and aim to reduce the problems it has caused. Then the benefits of these advances will outweigh the serious problems.
这幅图告诉我们，我们的生活已经被科技的进步极大地影响了我们的生活， 科技是生活中重要的一部分。个人、组织、政府都很关注之一现象。一方面科技的进步提高了人们对事物的认识，提高了人们的学习能力和技能，缩短了城市和城市之间，甚至各大洲之间的距离。使人和人之间的沟通更加顺畅。科技的进步给世界人们带来的生活在60年前第一台电脑出现的时候是不可想象的。 我们的工厂里轰鸣着机器人组装臂的节奏声;我们的银行业务在自动柜员机完成，他们用礼貌的语言感谢我们办理业务;我们的地铁由不知疲倦的机器人四级驾驶。但是另一方面，虽然计算机在帮着孩子们完成作业，但是与此同时也在扼杀着他们的创造思维和探索精神。多于键盘的依赖使得很多孩子很少能正确的拼写和书写，就更不用提由于色情电影和暴力视频带来的负面影响了。
不断努力 make constant efforts
缺乏自信 lack of confidence
保持乐观 keep optimistic
积极态度 positive attitude
消极态度 negative attitude
取得成功succeed, achieve success,
害怕失败fear to lose
不遗余力去做某事spare no efforts/pains to do, make great effort,
坚持不懈地做某事be persistent with sth./ do with full persistence
尽一切努力取得成功try every means to stay on top
经得住挑战与困难stand up to/ withstand challenges and difficulties
As is revealed in the cartoon, a boy is contemplating(认为) the true meaning of happiness. It is indeed a tough question for him: what is happiness? Making a huge sum of money, or winning true love, or keeping good health, or what? The picture is fairly thought-provoking(发人深省), which intends to convey to us this message: Due attention should be paid to the constant topic of human—happiness.
We can easily recognize the significance of attitude in terms of happiness. On the one hand, some have suffered a great deal but generally remain happy. Take the victims of Wen Chuan earthquake as an example, they lost their families and even something more precious, but they eventually stepped out of the pain to rebuild their home. On the other hand, people who have a relatively easy and comfortable life, and yet are essentially unhappy. Without a positive attitude or the determination to find the little happiness of life, you are destined to(注定) be grievous, no matter what kind of situation you are in.
Considering all the points discussed above, it is advisable that we highly value optimism and apply it in our studies and work. We are, therefore, supposed to take a rational attitude. Happiness is an attitude, not a condition, which lies in the unswerving efforts(坚持不懈的努力) to complete one’s life.
考研热the craze for graduate school
深造further one’s study
德才兼备 possess political integrity and professional ability
提高学生身心素质 improve the health and psychological quality
适应社会的改变 adjust to the social changes quickly
努力获得精神文明 make efforts to seek cultural and ideological progress
On a tree sprout four branches, which are symbols of academic abilities(学术能力), practical abilities(实践能力), organization abilities(组织能力) and acting abilities(表演能力). A saw, a symbol of education, violently cuts down three branches, leaving the only one symbolizing academic abilities.
This picture illustrates a current problematic standard practice in education which stresses only academic learning. High scores in examinations or rather academic success is apparently the main pursuit by most students, parents and teachers. In china, a great educational background is always considered as a sure ticket to a lucrative career(有钱途的职业) and a successful life. Children, consequently, are expected to go along the same growth path from a famous kindergarten to a good primary school to a key middle school and then hopefully to a well-known university. If a child shows no interest in traditional learning, even though he is talented in other fields, he will be considered as an idle person without big dreams and be severely punished.
This education principle was fruitful(有成效的) when university students were highly valued by the job market but no longer productive since the job market has greatly changed. The job market requires more than academic ability nowadays. People with admirable educational background will also fail because of lack of other abilities. There are many forms of abilities for a person, and we’d better strive for a balanced development.
文化和文明culture and civilization
博大精深的great and profound
融合交汇integration and interaction
中西合璧a combination of Chinese and Western elements
As is shown in the picture, a young American girl is wearing traditional Chinese dress and ornaments and is smiling sweetly. It may be an ordinary picture, but it conveys deep and profound meaning: national culture is also international culture.
Ever since we opened our door to the world, we have attracted and influenced by things from other cultures, such as jeans, country music and fast food. We have shown such interest in them that some people, especially the younger generation, become crazy about them. The more exotic(异国风情的) they are, the more fashionable they seem to be. Now, national culture began to show its charm and gain popularity(受到欢迎) all over the world. Our national costume, just as shown in the picture, Beijing Opera, Cross Talk, for example, have won favor with(得到……支持) a lot of foreigners.
As national culture becomes international culture, people in the world better understand each other. We are all villagers in this global village. Mutual respect and understanding (相互尊重、理解)make this world a better place to live in.
伦理 ethics，moral principle
老年人 aged father, senior citizens, old and helpless parents, elderly people, the old
逃避责任 shirk the duty, shun the responsibilities
虐待 mistreatment, be ill-treated, be neglected, be reduced to utter poverty
中国文化传统美德 traditional virtue of Chinese culture
严厉惩罚 severely punish
培养意识 cultivate the awareness,
遏制不良现象 curb evil phenomenon
In the thought-provoking picture, a young man and a lady is sitting on the chair in a waiting room that is allocated specially for mothers with baby. Regrettably(令人遗憾的是), they simply neglect the mother with a baby in her right arm and a big bag in her left hand standing just beside them with great efforts. The scene will set ordinary citizens to think seriously about the nation’s painfully declining moral climate(道德风尚的衰败).
Some of this can be attributed to the lack of morality(道德缺乏), a problem shown particularly in the younger generation. Their sense of moral standards (道德感标准)seems to be withering(下降) although their material comforts have been considerably enhanced. What makes matters even worse is the fact that such misdeeds as spitting, picking flowers in public gardens or making noises in public places are becoming so pervasive(普遍的) that they are likely to be taken for granted(习惯成自然) by the public. With today’s worsening morality, social bonds (社会联系)have been weakened, replaced by a greater emphasis on self. That is why new ideas must come forward to improve the nation’s moral climate though the challenge cannot be underestimated(低估).
Moral decline will not be reversed(扭转)until we find new ways to improve our moral standards. For adults, we can make use of every chance to remind young people of the importance of good manners, both as a competent citizen(合格公民) in modern society and as a model for them to follow. Only in this way can the moral climate of our nation be improved, and we sincerely wish that the young man in the picture could realize that he has sit on a “wrong” seat.
空气污染指数air pollution index
悬浮颗粒物airborne particulate matter
空气质量检测air quality monitoring
有害空气污染物hazardous airborne pollutant
防尘口罩anti-dust gauze mask
释放、泄漏有害气体和液体 discharge/ let out/ leak/ pour out harmful gases and liquids
The cartoon presents the Earth with a personified human face that seems quite unhappy. An examination of the picture immediately reveals that the source of its mood is the air pollution resulting from a huge number of automobiles spread around its surface.
The cartoon, no doubt, aims at alarming humans of the heavy load we have exerted on Earth by our insatiable(贪得无厌的) production and usage of automobiles. However, the majority of people merely indulge in(沉迷于) the celebration of the convenience brought by cars, while forgetting or simply neglecting their harmful impact on the atmosphere. Admittedly(无可否认地), there are various factors contributing to the current worldwide air pollution, but it is undeniable that(不可否认地) the exhaust from automobiles is categorized as one of the major elements.
I would like to make the following proposals to solve this problem: firstly, we should apply the most cutting-edge technologies(前沿技术) in order to adopt new forms of energy(新能源) as substitutes for(取代) fossil fuels(矿物燃料). It should also be guaranteed that the clean energy be inexpensive so that it can be widely accepted. Besides, there should be attempts to develop possible transportation means, so that citizens can be diverted from(摆脱)dependence on cars. In short, it is humans’ responsibility to resume(恢复，唤回)clean air for Earth.