2014年MBA联考英语真题之选词填空

日期: 2014-10-19 来源: 本站 阅读:
   

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

Thinner isn’t always better. A number of studies have __1__that normal-weight people are in fact at higher risk of some diseases compared to those who are overweight. And there are health conditions for which being overweight is actually __2__. For example, heavier women are less likely to develop calcium deficiency than thin women. __3__ among the elderly, being somewhat overweight is often an __4__ of good health。

Of even greater __5__ is the fact that obesity turns out to be very difficult to define. It is often defined __6__ body mass index, or BMI. BMI __7__ body mass divided by the square of height. An adult with a BMI of 18 to 25 is often considered to be normal weight. Between 25 and 30 is overweight. And over 30 is considered obese. Obesity, __8__,can be divided into moderately obese, severely obese, and very severely obese。

While such numerical standards seem 9 , they are not. Obesity is probably less a matter of weight than body fat. Some people with a high BMI are in fact extremely fit, 10 others with a low BMI may be in poor 11 .For example, many collegiate and professional football players __12__ as obese, though their percentage body fat is low. Conversely, someone with a small frame may have high body fat but a __13__ BMI。

Today we have a(an) __14__ to label obesity as a disgrace.The overweight are sometimes_15_in the media with their faces covered. Stereotypes _16_ with obesity include laziness, lack of will power,and lower prospects for success.Teachers,employers,and health professionals have been shown to harbor biases against the obese. _17_very young children tend to look down on the overweight, and teasing about body build has long been a problem in schools。

1. [A] denied  [B] conduced  [C] doubled  [D] ensured

2. [A] protective  [B] dangerous  [C] sufficient  [D]troublesome

3. [A] Instead  [B] However   [C] Likewise  [D] Therefore

4. [A] indicator  [B] objective  [C] origin   [D] example

5. [A] impact  [B] relevance  [C] assistance  [D] concern

6. [A] in terms of  [B] in case of  [C] in favor of  [D] in of

7. [A] measures  [B] determines  [C] equals  [D] modifies

8. [A] in essence  [B] in contrast  [C] in turn  [D] in part

9. [A] complicated  [B] conservative [C] variable  [D] straightforward

10. [A] so  [B] unlike  [C] since  [D] unless

11. [A] shape   [B] spirit   [C] balance  [D] taste

12. [A] start   [B] quality   [C] retire   [D] stay

13. [A] strange  [B] changeable   [C] normal   [D] constant

14. [A] option  [B] reason   [C] opportunity  [D] tendency

15. [A] employed  [B] pictured   [C] imitated   [D] monitored

16. [A]   [B] combined   [C] settled   [D] associated

17. [A] Even   [B] Still   [C] Yet    [D] Only

18. [A] despised  [B] corrected   [C] ignored   [D] grounded

19. [A] discussions  [B] businesses   [C] policies   [D] studies

20. [A] for   [B] against   [C] with   [D] without

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