主 题：State Fragility As a Multi-Dimensional Construct: Advancing a Comparative-Country Entrepeneurship Research Agenda
主讲人：Andrew Spicer（University of South Carolina）
While the international business and entrepreneurship literature has begun to expand its scope to include the world’s poorest and least-developed countries, it has not yet reached a consensus about how to conceptualize and measure the relevant cross-national differences that shape the wide range of entrepreneurial activities across the developing world. To address this gap, we explore the potential contribution of the multi-dimensional construct of “state fragility,” as developed in other related fields, as an orienting framework for developing-country entrepreneurship research. Instead of viewing all developing country states as universally weak, the state fragility construct provides a conceptual framework to identify which types of capabilities are weak, to which degree, and in what configuration, thus advancing efforts to systematically compare and contrast the wide diversity of entrepreneurial processes and outcomes found across the developing world.
Dr. Andrew Spicer is an associate professor in the Sonoco International Business Department at the Darla Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina. His research and teaching focuses on the intersection of business and society in a global economy. His research has examined privatization policies and outcomes in post-communist countries; the effects of national context and identity on managers' ethical evaluations and behaviors; the processes that lead to the spread of corrupt business practices across regions and companies; and the role of institutional context in shaping business models designed to combat poverty and environmental degradation around the world. He has published articles on these topics in the Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, California Management Review, Strategic Management Journal, Journal of Business Ethics, Industrial and Corporate Change, Organizational Studies and Strategic Organizations. He presently serves as an Associate Editor at the journals Business and Society and Management and Organization Review.