同等学力申硕英语写作备考方法

日期: 2011-11-04 来源: 人大在职研 阅读:
   

   1.常用于文章开始的过渡词语和句子。

  1) To begin with首先2) Generally speaking一般地说,总体上说3) First of all第一,首先4) With(the development/progress/growth)of(economy/society)… 随着(经济、社会)的(发展、进步、增长)……5) Recently近来2.常用于文章结尾的过渡词和句子。

  1) In conclusion最后,在结束时2) In brief简言之3) In a word总之4) It is high time that… 到……时候了5) It is only when… that… 只有当……才……3.常用于表示先后次序的过渡词语及句子1) first, second, third…第一,第二,第三2) To begin with…, moreover…, finally…,首先……,此外……,最后……3) Meanwhile同时4) since then自此之后5) Therefore因而4.常用于表示因果关系及分析原因的过渡词语与句子1) As a result由于…结果2) Due to由于3) consequently结果,因此4) One may criticize … for …,but the real cause of …lies deeper5) Among …reasons, one should be emphasized that…在众多的原因中,其中一点给予强调……5.常用于比较和对比的过渡词1) unlike… 与……不同2) In contrast… 与之相比3) On the other hand… 另一方面4) Likewise同样5) similarly同样掌握了以上过渡词及句型,相信大家在写作时应该不会没话说了吧。下面给大家提供一个写作的模板供大家参考:

  When it comes to ____话题____, opinions vary/differ from person to person. Some people claim that ____正面观点/一种观点____ is superior to ____反面观点/另一种观点____ in many ways. First, ____理由一____. Secondly, ____理由二____. Last but not least, ____理由三___.

  Nevertheless, other people argue that the opposite/reverse is true. /Other people believe that ____另一种观点____enjoys more advantages. For one thing, ____理由一____.For another, ____理由____.

  From what has been discussed above, I personally think ____第一/第二种观点____carries more weight than ____第二/一种观点____since____概括理由____.

  将这些模板都背会了,掌握了,相信写作这一部分对大家应该没什么问题了。

  Shopping on the Net 网上购物Directions:

  A. Time limit : 40 minutesB. Word Limit: no less than 150 wordsC. Your composition should be based on the Outline given in Chinese below:

  近来在一些发达地区出现网上购物热一些人喜欢网上购物另一些人不喜欢网上购物参考范文:

  Recently, shopping on the Net is gradually becoming popular in modern cities. To illustrate, we can conduct E-business, advertise our products, book an air ticket, buy and sell stocks, even hunt a job on the web. However, people take different attitudes towards the new way of shopping.

  Some people who prefer shopping on the virtual shopping centers hold that the new way of shopping has many advantages. First, the web-stores can keep customers updated about the best selling products. Besides, they can provide customers with a wider range of choices. Most important of all, it is very convenient and time-saving. People can stay at home shopping whatever they want online.

  However, others who stick to shopping in the real-life stores have their reasons. First, they argue that it’s a little bit complicated to pay on the Web. Besides, they think that customers can never believe the quality of the commodities unless they see them with their own eyes. Finally, they believe the best way to be on guard against the fake and poor quality commodities is to shop in the traditional way. Therefore, they don’t show any interest in shopping online. (However, more and more people will prefer shopping on the Web. And it’s believed that it will eventually be a trend of shopping in the 21st century.)---可加可不加1、金融危机下,找工作越来越难2、你如何保持自己在职场的不败之地It seems that the financial crisis has made it more and more difficult for people for find a good job. Meanwhile (At the same time), it becomes even harder for us to keep our positions, because there are more applicants available.

  So, how can we make us always successful in our career? In my perspective, there are at least three ways, which are compatible with the current situation. Above all, we should recharge ourselves through various methods, such as training and part-time education. It is notable that this method has been holding an increasingly significant proportion. Then, we should maintain good interpersonal relationship. This belief is reinforced by a recent survey which shows that 60% of adults, more or less, the beneficiaries of the consequence. Last but not least, we should stay in touch with update information happening in our career. Although there are some other measures to help us, I think the above mentioned are commonly acceptable. (讲义 P 18图表题模板第二段最后一句话,可要可不要)From what we discussed above, a conclusion could be safely drawn: only with the Only with the right attitude and effective approaches, can the promising future be achieved.

  此外还想对对考生提出几点建议,以下几方面是考生在复习准备期间和考试时应特别注意的:

  (一)考前准备考生在考前应写几篇短文,先找自己感兴趣的题目写。对一些从没写过英语作文的考生来说,要克服畏难情绪,写第一篇作文时,考生有可能出现较多较严重的错误,但不要紧,因为只有迈出第一步,才能取得更大的进步,否则会永远停留在不会写的水平上。建议考生自己动笔,写前不要看范文,可以参考一下写作提示,写完后再与范文对照。另外,不要死记硬背范文,考生应从范文中找出自己喜好和需要的句型或词汇记忆,因为作文没有唯一的标准答案,只要写得好就会得高分。

  (二)避免写错句作文要表达清楚,错句、语病太多肯定影响表达思想。因而考生在写作时一定要首先做到尽可能地减少错误,在此基础上才可以考虑有一些句式的变化。如果为了追求句式的变化而出现一些本来可以避免的错误,同样会影响成绩。同时,写作时还应避开自己不会用英文表达的思想,使用自己有把握的句型和词汇,这样才能更好地避免错误。

  (三)篇幅适中由于写作的时间只有30分钟,篇幅要求100词左右,因此考生在确定段落的主题句之后,只要围绕段落的中心思想写三至五句,把意思表达清楚即可。一般情况下,一篇三段文的短篇,各段的长度应相差不多,不应在前二段中花太多的时间,而后一段只匆匆写了一句,这样做也会影响成绩。

  (四)修改定稿修改定稿是考生在考场应试时决不能缺少的一步。考生在30分钟的写作考试中应留出2至3分钟,把自己的作文通读一遍,检查错句及语病。相当多的考生是能分辨错误的,只是写时未加注意,只要认真检查,许多常见错误如主谓一致问题、大小写问题、拼写及标点符号等都是可以自己更正的。如果考生在平时的写作训练中抓住这一环节养成习惯,正式考试时就不会忽视改定稿了。

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