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2018年全国硕士研究生考试英语(二)真题及参考答案(Word版可下载)

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2018年全国硕士研究生考试已经结束,中国人民大学在职课程研修班老师整理了2018年考研英语(二)的真题和参考答案,希望给广大考生一些帮助。

Section I Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text。 Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET。 (10 points)

Why do people read negative Internet comments and do other things that will obviously be painful? Because humans have an inherent need to 1 uncertainty, according to a recent study in Psychological Science。 The new research reveals that the need to know is so strong that people will 2 to satisfy their curiosity even when it is clear the answer will 3

In a series of four experiments, behavioral scientists at the University of Chicago and the Wisconsin School of Business tested。 Student’s willingness to 4 themselves to unpleasant stimuli in an effort to satisfy curiosity。 For one 5 each participant was shown a pile of pens that the researcher claimed were from a previous experiment。 The twist? Half of the pens would 6 an electric shock when clicked。

Twenty-seven students were told which pens were electrified, another twenty-seven were told only that some were electrified 7 left alone in the room, the students who did not know which ones would shock them clicked more pens and incurred more shocks than the students who knew what would 8 subsequent experiments reproduced, this effect with other stimuli 9 the sound of finger nails on a chalkboard and photographs of disgusting insects。

The drive to_10_is deeply rooted in humans。 Much the same as the basic drives for_11_or shelter, says Christopher Hsee of the University of Chicago Curiosity is often considered a good instinct-it can _12_New Scientific advances, for instance-but sometimes such_13_can backfire, the insight that curiosity can drive you to do _14_things is a profound one。

Unhealthy curiosity is possible to 15 , however, in a final experiment, participants who were encouraged to 16 how they would feel after viewing an unpleasant picture were less likely to 17 to see such an image。 These results suggest that imagining the 18 of following through on one’s curiosity ahead of time can help determine 19 it is worth the endeavor。 ” Thinking about long-term 20 is key to reducing the possible negative effects of curiosity。 Hsee says “in other words, don’t read online comments”。

1.[A]Protect [B] resolve [C] discuss [D] ignore

2.[A]refuse [B] wait [C] regret [D] seek

3.[A]hurt [B] last [C]mislead [D] rise

4.[A]alert [B] tie [C] treat [D] expose

5.[A]message [B] review [C] trial [D] concept

6.[A] remove [B] weaken [C] interrupt [D] deliver

7.[A]when [B] if [C] though [D] unless

8.[A] continue [B] happen [C] disappear [D] change

9.[A] rather than [B] regardless of [C] such as [D] owing to

10.[A] discover [B] forgive [C] forget [D] disagree

11.[A] pay [B] marriage [C] schooling [D] food

12.[A] lead to [B]rest on [C] learn from [D] begin with

13.[A] withdrawal [B] persistence [C] inquiry [D] diligence

14.[A] self-reliant [B] self-destructive [C] self-evident [D] self-deceptive

15.[A] define [B] resist [C]replace [D] trace

16.[A] overlook [B] predict [C] design [D] conceal

17.[A] remember [B] promise [C] choose [D] pretend

18.[A] relief [B] plan [C] duty [D] outcome

19.[A] why [B] whether [C] where [D] how

20.[A] consequences [B] investments [C] strategies [D] limitations

Section II Reading Comprehension

Part A

Directions:

Read the following four texts。 Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D。 Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET。 (40 points)

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