日期: 2011-05-04 来源: 人大在职研 阅读:

  PartⅡVocabulary(10 minutes,10 points)

  Section A

  Directions:In this section there are 10 sentences,each with one word or phrase underlined.Choose he one from the 4 choices marked A,B,C and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

  11.The survey does not allow for the fact that some students are attending part-time.

  A.explain B.deny C.consider D.recognize


  讲解:allow for

  估计到, 考虑到; 对...留有余地

  12.British scientists have found how to diagnose the disease,which causes loss of memory and personality change.

  A.control B.determine C.prevent D.treat(治疗 cure)


  讲解:diagnose: to find out what illness someone has, or what the cause of a fault is, after doing tests, examinations etc


  de- 下来 + termine边界;约束


  决定, 确定, 测定, 使下定决心, [律]使终止

  13.Witnesses were allegedly tortured or subjected to pressure to fabricate evidence against him.

  A.fix up安排,修补 B.take up从事 C.pack up 打包,整理 D.make up 编造


  讲解:fabricate vt.

  制作, 构成, 捏造, 伪造, 虚构

  to invent a story, piece of information etc in order to deceive someone

  The police were accused of fabricating evidence .

  14.So instead we spent the whole afternoon hanging around in the gorgeous autumn sun.

  A.golden B.beautiful C.warm D.shining

  答案:B (the whole afternoon)


  good weather beautiful/gorgeous/glorious

  1 extremely beautiful or attractive

  'What do you think of my new flatmate?' 'He's absolutely gorgeous !'

  You look gorgeous, Maria.

  see usage note beautiful

  2 extremely pleasant or enjoyable

  ᅳsynonym lovelya gorgeous cakeThe hotel room had a gorgeous view.

  15.I couldn’t work out why anyone would invent something so boring.

  A.draw up B.bring about C.put forward D.figure out



  work something ↔ out

  ▶UNDERSTAND◀ to think about something and manage to understand it

  The plot is very complicated - it'll take you a while to work it out.

  Figure out: to understand why someone behaves in the way they do

  Women. I just can't figure them out.

  16.You can easily find out the benefits of flexible working for both you and your employer.

  A.loose 松的 B.effective 有效的 C.elastic 弹性的 D.resourceful 资源丰富,足智多谋




  a person, plan etc that is flexible can change or be changed easily to suit any new situation

  ᅳopposite inflexible

  We can be flexible about your starting date.

  The government needs a more flexible approach to education.


  a system or plan that is elastic can change or be changed easily

  Demand for this type of holiday will probably be fairly elastic.

  17.The State Department has issued a regulation abolishing the special privileges for government officials.

  A.grants B.rights C.advantages D.interests




  [countable] a special advantage that is given only to one person or group of people

  He had no special privileges and was treated just like every other prisoner.

  privilege of

  the privilege of a good education


  something that you are morally, legally, or officially allowed to do or have

  basic/equal/human/civil rights

  18.Will Americans go for AT&T’s plan of pushing the wireless services in the U.S.?

  A.support B.adopt 采取,选择 C.hinder 阻碍 D.attack 攻击,批评attacked the idea

  答案:D (push)


  Go for

  to attack or criticize someone

  The dog suddenly went for me.


  to choose something

  I think I'll go for the chocolate cake.

  19.What lies in pieces around them represents,in effect,a unique private exhibition open to a lucky few.

  A.in short 简而言之 B.in particular特别 C.in fact D.in turn轮流


  讲解:in effect

  used when you are describing what you see as the real facts of a situation

  In effect, we'll be earning less than we were last year.

  20.The weekend event will be centred around Wye College in Ashford, Kent,but the outing to the docks should be the highlight.

  A.climax 高潮,顶点 B.pleasure 快乐 C.expectation 期望 D.surprise




  [countable] the most important, interesting, or enjoyable part of something such as a holiday, performance, or sports competition

  highlight of

  That weekend in Venice was definitely the highlight of our trip.

  highlight from

  At 11.30 we'll be showing highlights from the Third Round of the FA Cup.

  Section B

  Directions:In this section,there are 10 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A,B,C and D.Choose the one that best completes the sentence.

  Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

  2 1.Then in June 1967 the country_______________diplomatic relations with Israel after the outbreak of the Six Day War.

  A.broke away (from) B.broke off C.cut out 剪裁,取代 D.cut down 削减



  break something ↔ off

  to end a relationship

  She broke off their engagement only a few weeks before they were due to be married.

  The US has broken off diplomatic relations with the regime.

  22.Everyone has faced the embarrassing_____________of deciding how much extra to give a waiter or taxi—driver.

  A.incident B.event C. dilemma D.menace威胁




  a situation in which it is very difficult to decide what to do, because all the choices seem equally good or equally bad

  a moral dilemma

  in a dilemma

  I'm in a dilemma about this job offer.

  Many women are faced with the dilemma of choosing between work and family commitments.

  23.The school arranged road trip appears to____________the spring break.

  A.conform to符合,遵照 B.coincide with C.consist in 存在于 D.collide with冲突

  答案:B (appear to)


  Coincide with

  to happen at the same time as something else, especially by chance

  When our vacations coincided, we often holidayed together.

  24.The new airport terminal is sure to______________the development of tourism.

  A.imitate模仿 B.fascinate 着迷 C.impose 征税,强加 D.facilitate使容易




  to make it easier for a process or activity to happen

  Computers can be used to facilitate language learning.

  25.The Huntington Library has an____________collection of rare books and manuscripts of British and American history and literature.

  A.intensive 强烈的,精深的 B.intentional 故意的(N) C.extensive D.extensional 外延的




  large in size, amount, or degree

  The house stands in extensive grounds.

  26.Inflation will reach its highest in a decade across most of Asia this year, threatening to________________recent productivity gains.

  A.reverse 相反,颠倒 B.reserve储备,预留 C.retrieve D.revise 校正,修订




  To bring back again; revive or restore.


  27.Those governments will provide big food and fuel_____________according to the Asian Development Bank.

  A.substitutes 代替品 B.substances 物质 C.subsequences后继,后果 D.subsidies


  讲解:governments, the ADB

  Subsidies 补助金,津贴

  money that is paid by a government or organization to make prices lower, reduce the cost of producing goods etc

  trade/agricultural subsidies etc international disagreement over trade subsidies

  28.In mild winters apple buds began to break soon after Christmas,leaving them_________to frost damage.

  A.reluctant 勉强的 B.tough 强硬的 C.hostile 敌对的 D. vulnerable 易受攻击的




  a place, thing, or idea that is vulnerable is easy to attack or criticize

  vulnerable to

  The fort was vulnerable to attack from the north. Their theories were badly thought out and very vulnerable to ridicule.

  29.What is happening is a survival-of-the-fittest straggle affecting_________smaller factories in relatively low-tech,labor-intensive industries.

  A.primarily 主要地 B.rationally理性地 C.primitively 最初地D.respectively分别地




  The advertisement is aimed primarily at children.

  30.A traditional critic has the advantage of being able to______________standards and values inherited from the past.

  A.turn up找到,出现 B.turn over打翻,反复考虑

  C.turn to 变成,致力于 D.turn in 上交



  Turn over

  To think about; consider:


  She turned over the problem in her mind.




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