Clothes play a critical part in the conclusions we reach by providing clues to who people are, who they are not, and who they would like to be. They tell us a good deal about the wearer′s background, personality, status, mood, and social outlook.
Since clothes are such an important source of social information, we can use them to manipulate people′s impression of us. Our appearance assumes particular significance in the initial phases of interaction that is likely to occur. An elderly middle-class man or woman may be alienated (疏远) by a young adult who is dressed in an unconventional manner, regardless of the person′s education, background, or interests.
People tend to agree on what certain types of clothes mean. Adolescent girls can easily agree on the lifestyles of girls who wear certain outfits (套装), including the number of boyfriends they likely have had and whether they smoke or drink. Newscasters, or the announcers who read the news on TV, are considered to be more convincing, honest, and competent when they are dressed conservatively. And collage students who view themselves as taking an active role in their inter-personal relationships say they are concerned about the costumes they must wear to play these roles successfully. Moreover, many of us can relate instances in which the clothing we wore changed the way we felt about ourselves and how we acted. Perhaps you have used clothing to gain confidence when you anticipated a stressful situation, such as a job interview, or a court appearance.
In the workplace, men have long had well-defined precedents and role models for achieving success. It has been otherwise for women. A good many women in the business world are uncertain about the appropriate mixture of “masculine” and “feminine” attributes they should convey by their professional clothing. The variety of clothing alternatives to women has also been greater than that available for men.
Male administrators tend to judge women more favorably for managerial positions when the women display less “feminine” grooming (打扮)— shorter hair, moderate use of make-up, and plain tailored clothing. As one male administrator confessed, “An attractive woman is definitely going to get a longer interview, but she won′t get a job.”
1. According to the passage, the way we dress __________.
[A] provides clues for people who are critical of us
[B] indicates our likes and dislikes in choosing a career
[C] has a direct influence onthe way people regard us
[D] is of particular importance when we get on in age
2. From the third paragraph of the passage, we can conclude that young adults tend to believe that certain types of clothing can__________.
[A] change people′s conservative attitudes toward their lifestyle
[B] help young people make friends with the opposite sex
[C] make them competitive in the job market
[D] help them achieve success in their interpersonal relationships
3. The word “precedent” (Line 1, Para.4) probably refers to __________ .
[A] early acts for men to follow as examples
[B] particular places for men to occupy especially because of their importance
[C] things that men should agree upon
[D] men′s beliefs that everything in the world has already been decided
4. According to the passage, many career women find themselves in difficult situations because
[A] the variety of professional clothing is too wide for them to choose
[B] women are generally thought to be only good at beingfashion models
[C] men are more favorably judged for managerial positions
[D] they are not sure to what extent they should display their feminine qualities through clothing
5. What is the passage mainly about?
[A] Dressing for effect.
[B] How to dress appropriately.
[C] Managerial positions and clothing.
[D] Dressing for the occasion.